Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 18, Issue 5, pp 1017–1023 | Cite as

Psychometric Properties of the DASS-21 Among Latina/o College Students by the US-Mexico Border

  • Álvaro CamachoEmail author
  • Elizabeth D. Cordero
  • Tara Perkins
Original Paper


Anxious-depression symptomatology is frequently encountered among Latina/o individuals. There is a dearth of studies that examine this mixed class of anxiety and depression symptomatology, especially among Latina/o college students by the US-Mexico border. A total of 505 participants from rural institutions of higher education completed the DASS21. Psychometric properties were measured by means of confirmatory and exploratory factor analysis (EFA). A multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was conducted to determine gender differences in depression, anxiety and stress. Among women, 18 % reported at least moderate levels of depressive symptoms, 33.1 % reported at least moderate levels of anxiety symptoms, and 16.4 % reported at least moderate levels of stress. In men, 15.9 % reported at least moderate levels of depressive symptoms, 34.1 % reported at least moderate levels of anxiety symptoms, and 12.9 % reported at least moderate levels of stress. The EFA supported a one dimension factor (anxious/stress-depression) among this sample of Latina/o college students (Bartlett’s test = 4960.9; df = 210; p ≤ 0.01; Kaiser–Meyer–Olkin = 0.95). The MANOVA found no significant gender differences in depression, anxiety symptomatology and stress [Wilks’Λ = 0.99; F = (3, 500) = 2.41; p = 0.07]. The DASS-21 showed a one dimensional construct of anxious/stress-depression symptomatology in a Latina/o rural undergraduate sample, raising awareness to the need to screen and monitor this constellation of symptoms.


Latino/a college student Anxious-depression Screening DASS-21 



Ms. Tara Perkins is currently a doctoral student in the School of Nursing and Health Innovation at Arizona State University.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Álvaro Camacho
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Elizabeth D. Cordero
    • 2
  • Tara Perkins
    • 2
  1. 1.Departments of Psychiatry, Family Medicine and Public HealthUniversity of California, San DiegoImperial, San DiegoUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologySan Diego State UniversityImperial Valley, San DiegoUSA

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