Predictors of Self-Reported Family Health History of Breast Cancer
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The objective of this study was to identify predictors of self-reported family health history of breast cancer in an ethnically diverse population of women participating in a breast cancer screening program. Participants completed a self-administered questionnaire about their demography, health, breast health and family health history of breast cancer. The association between family health history of breast cancer and categorical variables were analyzed using the T test, chi square, and multi-nominal logistic regression. Those who were least likely to report a family history of cancer were African Americans (p = 0.02), and immigrant women from South America (p < 0.001) and Africa (p = 0.04). However, 34.4 % reported having a second-degree maternal relative with breast cancer compared to 6.9 % who reported having a second degree paternal relative with breast cancer. Therefore, there is a need to increase efforts to educate families about the importance of collecting and sharing one’s family health history.
KeywordsBreast cancer Family health history Mammography Cancer screening Cancer disparities
This project has been funded in whole or in part with Federal funds from the National Center for Research Resources (NCRR-UL1RR031975), National Institutes of Health, through the Clinical and Translational Science Awards Program (CTSA), a trademark of DHHS, part of the Roadmap Initiative, “Re-Engineering the Clinical Research Enterprise”; from the RCMI Program at Howard University, Division of Research Infrastructure, National Center for Research Resources, NIH (NCRR-G12 RR003048) and the Howard University Cancer Center/Johns Hopkins Cancer Center Partnership, National Cancer Institute, (NCI-U54 CA091431). Permission has been obtained from individuals listed on the acknowledgements.
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