Fertility and Minority: A Study in Two Provinces of Iran Using Matching Estimator Technique
- 201 Downloads
The main aim of this study was to compare fertility in minor (Sunnah) and major (Shia) religious groups of Iran after matching the two groups by some confounding factors. 12,099 data of population and census survey of Iran in 2011 in two provinces of Guilan and Kurdistan were used in this study. Propensity scoring matching method was used for matching two groups. First confounder variables were found and after that the groups were matched. Principal component analysis was used to make a socioeconomic (SES) variable. At the end, two groups were compared to each other by nearest neighborhood method. Also Poisson regression was used to find the effective factors of fertility. Before using matching method, the results showed that fertility in Kurdistan was higher than Guilan, but after matching, fertility in Guilan was higher. The results of regression model showed that in Guilan, living in urban region, age and level of education had effect on fertility, but in Kurdistan, education, age and SES were effective factors.
KeywordsFertility Minority Shia Sunnah Guilan Kurdistan Propensity scoring Principal component analysis
This study was derived from a research project done in Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences with the research ID of P 3.132.3984. The authors thanks for funding this study.
EHR gathered the data and analyzed the study and the models, MT reviewed the literature and wrote introduction, AG wrote the discussion.
- 1.Haupt A, Kane TT, Haub C. PRB’s population handbook. Washington DC: Population Reference Bureau; 2011.Google Scholar
- 2.Sadeghipour HR. Comparison of fertility indices in Iranian and non-Iranian populations in Ray, southern Tehran in 1997. Tehran Univ Med Sci J. 2000;58(1):97–103.Google Scholar
- 3.Poston DL Jr, Chang C-F, Dan H. Fertility differences between the majority and minority nationality groups in China. Popul Res Policy Rev. 2006;25(1):67–101.Google Scholar
- 4.Mishra VK. Muslim/non-muslim differentials in fertility and family planning in India. 2004.Google Scholar
- 5.Bhagat R, Praharaj P. Hindu–Muslim fertility differentials. Econ Polit Wkly. 2005;40(5):411–8.Google Scholar
- 7.Abbasi-Shavazi MJ, Hosseini H. Ethnic fertility differentials in Iran: trends and correlates. Iran J Sociol. 2009;8(4):3–36.Google Scholar
- 10.Akaberi A, Mahmoudi M, Zeraati H, Majlesi F. Study of the relationship of socioeconomic and demographic factors with fertility. J Sabzevar Sch Med Sci. 2008.Google Scholar
- 11.Keshavarz H, Bahramian M, Mohajerani AL, Hosseinpour K. Factors effective in changing productive behaviors of nomadic and non-nomadic tribes in the Semirom province. Iran Health Syst Res. 2012;8(3):456–65.Google Scholar
- 12.Ghaedrahmati S, Houssieni F. Relationship between Health and Education Indexes with Fertility Rate in Iran’s Provinces. Soc Welf Q. 2012;12(45):369–90.Google Scholar
- 13.Foomani A, Tadaion Ataollah. Guilan History. Rasht: Foruoji Bookshop; 1974. P. 324.Google Scholar
- 14.Meiselas S, van Bruinessen M. Kurdistan: in the shadow of history. New York: Random House; 1997.Google Scholar
- 15.Iran Statistical Center. Report of the 2011 census of housing and population of Iran. Tehran, Iran: Iran Statistical Center; 2011.Google Scholar
- 16.Alvira-Hammond M, Guzzo KB. Fertility differentials across race-ethnicity and generational status: incorporating non-hispanic immigrants. Women. 2007;40:44.Google Scholar
- 19.Hashemian MItra, Mahingol M, editors. Experience reports and comparative performance indicators affecting the reproductive health on population 49–15 years old in Sunni and Shieh and influencing factors in Khorasan. Proceedings of the National Conference and the International Conference on experiences and good practices of primary health care; 2013.Google Scholar