Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 17, Issue 6, pp 1819–1825 | Cite as

Risk Factors for Intimate Partner Violence in a Migrant Farmworker Community in Baja California, México

  • Marcella J. Lopez
  • Rachel A. Mintle
  • Sylvia Smith
  • Alicia Garcia
  • Vanessa N. Torres
  • Allie Keough
  • Hugo Salgado
Original Paper


Intimate partner violence (IPV) is one of the most common forms of violence against women worldwide. Among Mexican women, it is estimated that 15 to 71 % have experienced physical or sexual abuse by an intimate male partner in their lifetime. This study examined the prevalence of four leading risk factors associated with IPV (alcohol consumption, education, socioeconomic status (SES), and gender roles) in adult women (n = 68) in a migrant farmworker community in México. Alcohol consumption among women was higher than the national average, and partner consumption was lower. Education level and SES were low, and women identified with a feminist ideology more than a traditional gender role. Results also revealed that 86.4 % (n = 57) of participants identified violence against women as a common problem in the community, and the majority (94.0 %, n = 62) of participants believe that IPV specifically is a problem within the community.


Mexican Migrant farmworker Intimate partner violence Risk factors Gender roles 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcella J. Lopez
    • 1
  • Rachel A. Mintle
    • 1
  • Sylvia Smith
    • 1
  • Alicia Garcia
    • 1
  • Vanessa N. Torres
    • 1
  • Allie Keough
    • 1
  • Hugo Salgado
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Health Promotion and Behavioral Science, Graduate School of Public HealthSan Diego State UniversitySan DiegoUSA
  2. 2.Joint Doctoral Program in Public Health (Global Health)San Diego State/University of CaliforniaSan DiegoUSA
  3. 3.Joint Doctoral Program in Public Health (Global Health)San Diego State/University of CaliforniaSan DiegoUSA

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