Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 161–172 | Cite as

Predictors of Sexual Activity in Haitian-American Adolescents

  • Jessy G. DévieuxEmail author
  • Michèle Jean-Gilles
  • Anne Frankel
  • Jennifer Attonito
  • Anshul Saxena
  • Rhonda Rosenberg
Original Paper


This study examined the impact of individual, peer, family, school, and neighborhood level variables on sexual activity among 276 Haitian-American adolescents. Differences between those who were sexually active and those who were not were analyzed using Chi square and t tests. Significant factors at p ≤ 0.1 were entered into logistic regression for the full group and for girls-only. Half of males and 36.6 % of females were sexually active. The multivariable model revealed that adolescents were more likely to be sexually active if they reported delinquent behaviors; had sexually active friends; and were living with only one parent, friends or relatives. For girls, living with both parents was protective against sexual activity, while substance use and emotional distress were risk factors. No language or acculturation measures were associated with sexual activity. Haitian-American adolescents may benefit from interventions that focus on gender-specific, contextual and cultural factors to prevent early sexual activity.


Haitian-American Adolescent Sexual activity Gender Risk 



This study was funded by grant 5 R01 HD38458 from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development.

Conflict of interest

No authors on this manuscript report any conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jessy G. Dévieux
    • 1
    Email author
  • Michèle Jean-Gilles
    • 1
  • Anne Frankel
    • 2
  • Jennifer Attonito
    • 1
  • Anshul Saxena
    • 1
  • Rhonda Rosenberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work, Department of Health Promotion and Disease PreventionFlorida International UniversityMiamiUSA
  2. 2.Temple UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA

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