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Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 16, Issue 6, pp 1111–1120 | Cite as

World Region of Origin and Common Mental Disorders Among Migrant Women in Spain

  • Dolores JuradoEmail author
  • Yaiza Mendieta-Marichal
  • José M. Martínez-Ortega
  • María Agrela
  • Carmen Ariza
  • Luis Gutiérrez-Rojas
  • Ricardo Araya
  • Glyn Lewis
  • Manuel Gurpegui
Original Paper

Abstract

Migration can affect the mental health of migrants. This cross-sectional study has two objectives: (1) to compare the prevalence of common mental disorder (CMD) between migrants (n = 458) living in Granada (Spain) and Spanish-born women (n = 448); (2) within migrants, to analyse the associations of world region of origin, other sociodemographic factors and post-migration features with the presence of CMD. Participants answered a questionnaire, including sociodemographic characteristics, post-migration features and CMD that was measured by Kessler K6-scale. Logistic regression analyses showed that CMD (K6 ≥ 13) was significantly higher among migrants than Spaniards. Compared with Spaniards, the odds of CMD were 3.6 [95 % confidence intervals (CI) 2.1–6.0] and 2.9 (CI 1.6–5.3), respectively, for Latin Americans and for Moroccan and other African women. Among migrants, Latin Americans as opposed to the reference group (migrants from other countries), had higher probability of CMD (OR 2.3, CI 1.1–4.9). This study supports the hypothesis that migration leads to mental distress. Consideration of world region of origin may clarify the differences observed in mental health across different migrant groups.

Keywords

Common mental disorder (CMD) K6 screening scale Migrant Psychiatric epidemiology Spain 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors acknowledge all the participants, particularly the migrant women and agencies serving migrants, for their contribution to this study. The authors have received institutional support from the University of Granada.

Conflict of interest

None.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dolores Jurado
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Yaiza Mendieta-Marichal
    • 2
  • José M. Martínez-Ortega
    • 1
    • 3
  • María Agrela
    • 4
  • Carmen Ariza
    • 2
  • Luis Gutiérrez-Rojas
    • 1
    • 5
  • Ricardo Araya
    • 6
  • Glyn Lewis
    • 6
  • Manuel Gurpegui
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.CTS-549 Research Group, Institute of Neurosciences, Centre for Biomedical Research (CIBM)University of GranadaGranadaSpain
  2. 2.Department of Preventive Medicine and Public HealthUniversity of GranadaGranadaSpain
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of GranadaGranadaSpain
  4. 4.La Chana University Health Care CentreAndalusian Health ServiceGranadaSpain
  5. 5.Psychiatry ServiceSan Cecilio University HospitalGranadaSpain
  6. 6.Academic Unit of Psychiatry, School of Social and Community MedicineUniversity of BristolBristolUK

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