Sun Protection Attitudes and Behaviours Among First Generation Australians with Darker Skin Types: Results from Focus Groups
- 397 Downloads
Despite residing in a country that has the highest rates of skin cancer in the world, little is known about the knowledge, attitudes and sun protection practices of first generation Australian-born individuals with olive and darker skin types. Six focus groups with first generation Australian-born individuals of Asian, Mediterranean, Middle Eastern and Indian background were conducted. Participants had good knowledge of the dangers of skin cancer. Most correctly perceived darker skin types as protective and believed they were at low risk of skin cancer. Most participants could recall high profile mass media sun protection campaigns. Several participants suggested that greater representation of ethnic minorities and/or individuals with darker skin types would increase the personal relevance of campaigns. Beliefs that sun protection is not necessary on the basis of skin type highlights the need for further studies to explore fundamental differences in attitudes and practices between those with olive and darker skin and the general Australian population.
KeywordsSkin neoplasms Sun exposure Knowledge Attitudes Darker skin types
This research was funded by Cancer Council New South Wales and supported by a Strategic Research Partnership Grant from the Cancer Council NSW to the Newcastle Cancer Control Collaborative. The authors would like to thank the Migrant Resource Centres who assisted with recruitment of participants, the participants who took part in the research, and Kimberley Jones for assistance with manuscript preparation.
Conflict of interest
All authors declare they have no conflicts of interest.
Ethical approval was granted by the University of Newcastle Human Ethics Research Committee: H-2011–028.
- 2.Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Cancer in Australia: an overview. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare: Canberra; 2008.Google Scholar
- 3.Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Non-melanoma skin cancer: general practice consultations, hospitalisation and mortality. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare: Canberra; 2008.Google Scholar
- 4.Australian Institute of Health and Welfare & Australasian Association of Cancer Registries 2010. Cancer in Australia: an overview, 2010. Cancer series no. 60. Cat. no. CAN 56. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2012.Google Scholar
- 8.Bradford PT. Skin cancer in skin of colour. Dermatol Nursing. 2009;21(4):170–8.Google Scholar
- 9.Hu S. Are we overlooking skin cancer in ethnic minorities? Cutaneous Oncol Today 2011:5–8.Google Scholar
- 10.Kabigting FD, Nelson FP, Kauffman L, Popoveniuc G, Dasanu CA, Alexandrescu DT. Malignant melanoma in African–Americans. Dermatol Online J 2009;15(2).Google Scholar
- 12.Australian and New Zealand Bone and Mineral Society. Osteoporosis Australia, The Australasian College of Dermatologists. Position statement: Cancer Council Australia. Risks and benefits of sun exposure; 2007.Google Scholar
- 14.Sinclair C, Borland R, Davidson M, Noy S. From Slip! Slop! Slap! to sun smart: a profile of a health education campaign. Cancer Forum. 1996;18(3):183–7.Google Scholar
- 16.Dobbinson S, Volkov A. Skin cancer prevention knowledge, attitudes and beliefs among Australians in summer 2010–11 and comparison with 2003–04 and 2006–07: Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, The Cancer Council Victoria, 2011.Google Scholar
- 17.Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australia’s cultural and linguistic diversity. In: Year Book Australia 2009–2010. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia, 2010.Google Scholar
- 18.Parkin DM, Bray F, Ferlay J, Pisani P. Global cancer statistics 2002. CA Cancer J Clin 2005; 55:74–108.Google Scholar
- 22.Glanz K, Rimer B, Viswanath K, editors. Health Behaviour and Health Education: theory research and practice. 4th ed. San Francisco, 2008.Google Scholar
- 23.QSR NVivo [program]. 8.0.335.0 SP4 version, 1999–2009.Google Scholar
- 24.Crabtree B, Miller W. A template approach to text analysis: developing and using codebooks. In: Crabtree B, Miller W, editors. Doing qualitative research. Newbury Park, CA: Sage; 1999.Google Scholar
- 25.Holloway I, Wheeler S. Qualitative research in nursing. 2nd ed. Melbourne: Blackwell; 2002.Google Scholar