Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 16, Issue 6, pp 1176–1182

Stress and Sociocultural Factors Related to Health Status Among US–Mexico Border Farmworkers

  • Scott C. Carvajal
  • Clara Kibor
  • Deborah Jean McClelland
  • Maia Ingram
  • Jill Guernsey de Zapien
  • Emma Torres
  • Floribella Redondo
  • Kathryn Rodriguez
  • Raquel Rubio-Goldsmith
  • Joel Meister
  • Cecilia Rosales
Original Paper

Abstract

This study examines factors relating to farmworkers’ health status from sociocultural factors, including stress embedded within their work and community contexts. A cross-sectional household survey of farmworkers (N = 299) included social-demographics, immigration status descriptors, and a social-ecologically grounded, community-responsive, stress assessment. Outcomes included three standard US national surveillance measures of poor mental, physical, and self-rated health (SRH). Logistic regression models showed that higher levels of stress were significantly associated (Ps < .001) with increased risk for poor mental health and poor physical health considering all variables. Stress was not associated with SRH. Regarding two of the three outcomes, mental health and physical health, stress added explanatory power as expected. For poor SRH, a known marker for mortality risk and quite high in the sample at 38 %, only age was significantly associated. Clinical and systems-level health promotion strategies may be required to mitigate these stressors in border-residing farmworkers.

Keywords

Farmworkers Sociocultural factors Discrimination Latinos Stress and health 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Scott C. Carvajal
    • 1
  • Clara Kibor
    • 2
  • Deborah Jean McClelland
    • 1
  • Maia Ingram
    • 1
  • Jill Guernsey de Zapien
    • 1
  • Emma Torres
    • 3
  • Floribella Redondo
    • 3
  • Kathryn Rodriguez
    • 4
  • Raquel Rubio-Goldsmith
    • 5
  • Joel Meister
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  • Cecilia Rosales
    • 1
  1. 1.Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public HealthUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA
  2. 2.QuintilesDurhamUSA
  3. 3.Campesinos Sin FronterasSomertonUSA
  4. 4.Coalicion de Derechos HumanosTucsonUSA
  5. 5.Binational Migration Institute, Department of Mexican American StudiesUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA

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