Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 16, Issue 6, pp 1176–1182 | Cite as

Stress and Sociocultural Factors Related to Health Status Among US–Mexico Border Farmworkers

  • Scott C. CarvajalEmail author
  • Clara Kibor
  • Deborah Jean McClelland
  • Maia Ingram
  • Jill Guernsey de Zapien
  • Emma Torres
  • Floribella Redondo
  • Kathryn Rodriguez
  • Raquel Rubio-Goldsmith
  • Joel Meister
  • Cecilia Rosales
Original Paper


This study examines factors relating to farmworkers’ health status from sociocultural factors, including stress embedded within their work and community contexts. A cross-sectional household survey of farmworkers (N = 299) included social-demographics, immigration status descriptors, and a social-ecologically grounded, community-responsive, stress assessment. Outcomes included three standard US national surveillance measures of poor mental, physical, and self-rated health (SRH). Logistic regression models showed that higher levels of stress were significantly associated (Ps < .001) with increased risk for poor mental health and poor physical health considering all variables. Stress was not associated with SRH. Regarding two of the three outcomes, mental health and physical health, stress added explanatory power as expected. For poor SRH, a known marker for mortality risk and quite high in the sample at 38 %, only age was significantly associated. Clinical and systems-level health promotion strategies may be required to mitigate these stressors in border-residing farmworkers.


Farmworkers Sociocultural factors Discrimination Latinos Stress and health 



This project was funded by a grant from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (R21OH008747) to the University of Arizona Mel & Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health (MEZCOPH). This was a community-based project whose institutional partners were the University of Arizona (MEZCOPH and the Binational Migration Institute, Department of Mexican American Studies), Campesinos Sin Fronteras, and Derechos Humanos. The authors are grateful to the farmworkers and promotor/promotoras whose participation made this project a success.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Scott C. Carvajal
    • 1
    Email author
  • Clara Kibor
    • 2
  • Deborah Jean McClelland
    • 1
  • Maia Ingram
    • 1
  • Jill Guernsey de Zapien
    • 1
  • Emma Torres
    • 3
  • Floribella Redondo
    • 3
  • Kathryn Rodriguez
    • 4
  • Raquel Rubio-Goldsmith
    • 5
  • Joel Meister
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  • Cecilia Rosales
    • 1
  1. 1.Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public HealthUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA
  2. 2.QuintilesDurhamUSA
  3. 3.Campesinos Sin FronterasSomertonUSA
  4. 4.Coalicion de Derechos HumanosTucsonUSA
  5. 5.Binational Migration Institute, Department of Mexican American StudiesUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA

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