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Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 16, Issue 5, pp 1016–1022 | Cite as

Malnourished Children in Refugee Camps and Lack of Connection with Services After US Resettlement

  • Caitlyn LutfyEmail author
  • Susan T. Cookson
  • Leisel Talley
  • Roger Rochat
Brief Communication

Abstract

Identifying and addressing malnutrition among US-bound refugee children is an important human rights issue. Failure to address childhood malnutrition can impair cognitive development and productivity. The target population was children aged 6–59 months, originating from eight countries representing 51 % of US-resettled refugees for 2005–2011, living in 22 camps prior to potential US-resettlement. The corresponding camp-level nutritional survey data were evaluated. State Refugee Health Coordinators were surveyed on nutritional assessment, reporting and referrals for their US-refugee medical screenings. From 2004 to 2010, half of the camps (63 total surveys) had global acute malnutrition prevalence over 15 % at least once (surveys not done annually) and anemia prevalence greater than 40 %. The majority of US-refugee medical screenings included height and weight measurements but few used national or WHO standards to evaluate presence or level of malnutrition. Improve overseas camp monitoring and link these nutritional data to US-resettling refugee children to inform potential nutritional interventions. Domestically, use WHO or US growth standards for anthropometrics to determine presence of malnutrition and need for corrective action.

Keywords

Refugees Malnutrition Anemia United States Resettlement 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to give special thanks to Ankoor Shah for sharing his thesis findings and to Drs. Susan Reines and Alawode Oladele for education in understanding the domestic refugee health screening.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Caitlyn Lutfy
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Susan T. Cookson
    • 1
    • 3
  • Leisel Talley
    • 1
    • 3
  • Roger Rochat
    • 1
  1. 1.Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public HealthEmory UniversityAtlantaUSA
  2. 2.WI-HER, LLCViennaUSA
  3. 3.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Center for Global Health, International Emergency and Refugee HealthAtlantaUSA

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