Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 16, Issue 2, pp 301–309 | Cite as

Racism, Other Discriminations and Effects on Health

  • Diana Gil-González
  • Carmen Vives-Cases
  • Carme Borrell
  • Andrés A. Agudelo-Suárez
  • Mari Carmen Davó-Blanes
  • Juanjo Miralles
  • Carlos Álvarez-Dardet
Original Paper


We study the probability of perceived racism/other forms of discrimination on immigrant and Spanish populations within different public spheres and show their effect on the health of immigrants using a cross-sectional design (ENS-06). Variables: perceived racism/other forms of discrimination (exposure), socio-demographic (explicative), health indicators (dependent). Frequencies, prevalences, and bivariate/multivariate analysis were conducted separately for men (M) and women (W). We estimated the health problems attributable to racism through the population attributable proportion (PAP). Immigrants perceived more racism than Spaniards in workplace (ORM = 48.1; 95 % CI 28.2–82.2), and receiving health care (ORW = 48.3; 95 % CI 24.7–94.4). Racism and other forms of discrimination were associated with poor mental health (ORM = 5.6; 95 % CI 3.9–8.2; ORW = 7.3; 95 % CI 4.1–13.0) and injury (ORW = 30.6; 95 % CI 13.6–68.7). It is attributed to perceived racism the 80.1 % of consumption of psychotropics (M), and to racism with other forms of discrimination the 52.3 % of cases of injury (W). Racism plays a role as a health determinant.


Racism Self-perceived discrimination Women Immigrants Health surveys 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Diana Gil-González
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Carmen Vives-Cases
    • 1
    • 3
  • Carme Borrell
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  • Andrés A. Agudelo-Suárez
    • 1
    • 6
  • Mari Carmen Davó-Blanes
    • 1
  • Juanjo Miralles
    • 7
  • Carlos Álvarez-Dardet
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Preventive Medicine and Public Health Area, Public Health Research GroupUniversity of AlicanteAlicanteSpain
  2. 2.Observatory of Public Policies and Health (OPPS)University of AlicanteAlicanteSpain
  3. 3.CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP)MadridSpain
  4. 4.Agència de Salut Pública de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  5. 5.Pompeu Fabra UniversityBarcelonaSpain
  6. 6.Faculty of DentistryUniversity of AntioquiaMedellín, AntioquiaColombia
  7. 7.Miguel Hernández UniversityAlicanteSpain

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