The Border Community and Immigration Stress Scale: A Preliminary Examination of a Community Responsive Measure in Two Southwest Samples
Understanding contemporary socio-cultural stressors may assist educational, clinical and policy-level health promotion efforts. This study presents descriptive findings on a new measure, the border community and immigration stress scale. The data were from two community surveys as part of community based participatory projects conducted in the Southwestern US border region. This scale includes stressful experiences reflected in extant measures, with new items reflecting heightened local migration pressures and health care barriers. Stressors representing each main domain, including novel ones, were reported with frequency and at high intensity in the predominantly Mexican-descent samples. Total stress was also significantly associated with mental and physical health indicators. The study suggests particularly high health burdens tied to the experience of stressors in the US border region. Further, many of the stressors are also likely relevant for other communities within developed nations also experiencing high levels of migration.
KeywordsAcculturation Stress Health Depression Latinos/Latinas
This research was supported by the National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities, NIH (P60MD000155) and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, CDC-USDHS (R21OH008747). We are grateful to all our partners, interviewers, community participants and the late Joel Meister, who provided instrumental leadership to these projects.
- 11.Koulish RE. US immigration authorities and victims of human and civil rights abuses: the border interaction project study of South Tucson, Arizona, and South Texas. University of Arizona Mexican American Studies and research center working paper series no. 20. 1994. http://mas.arizona.edu/node/683. Accessed 15 Jan 2012.
- 12.Goldsmith PR, Romero M, Rubio-Goldsmith R, Escobedo M, Khoury L. Ethno-racial profiling and state violence in a southwest barrio. Aztlán. 2009;34(1):93–123.Google Scholar
- 13.Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data. 2000. http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/searchresults.xhtml?refresh=t. Accessed 15 Jan 2012.
- 14.Pima County, Arizona. Indicators of neighborhood stress: measures of need and dependency from census 2000 for Pima County block groups. 2003. http://cms3.tucsonaz.gov/planning/data/census/stress/index.html. Accessed 15 Jan 2012.
- 15.Arizona 2004 Ballot Proposition 200. 2004. http://www.azleg.gov/jlbc/prop200fn.pdf. Accessed 15 Jan 2012.
- 18.Romero M, Serag M. Violation of Latino civil rights resulting from INS and local police’s use of race, culture and class profiling: the case of the chandler roundup in Arizona. Clev St L Rev. 2004;52:75.Google Scholar
- 23.Campesinos Sin Fronteras. Director’s Message. 2012. http://www.campesinossinfronteras.org/. Accessed 15 Jan 2012.
- 24.Derechos Humanos. About us. 2012. http://www.derechoshumanosaz.net/about/. Accessed 15 Jan 2012.
- 25.Statistics USBoL. National census of fatal occupational injuries in 2006 (US Department of Labor Publication 07-1202). 2007. http://www.bls.gov/news.release/archives/cfoi_08092007.pdf. Accessed 15 Jan 20012.
- 26.Labor TUSDo. The national agricultural workers survey. 2005. http://www.doleta.gov/agworker/naws.cfm. Accessed 15 Jan 2012.
- 27.Arizona Office of Employment and Population Statistics, Arizona Workforce Informer. 2008. http://www.workforce.az.gov/employment-data.aspx. Accessed 15 Jan 2012.
- 33.Smedley BD, Stith AY, Nelson AR, editors. Unequal treatment: confronting racial and ethnic disparities in health care. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 2003. http://www.nap.edu/catalog/10260.html.
- 36.Gee GC, Ryan A, Laflamme DJ, Holt J. Self-reported discrimination and mental health status among African descendants, Mexican Americans, and other Latinos in the New Hampshire REACH 2010 initiative: the added dimension of immigration. Am J Public Health. 2006;96(10):1821–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar