Female Farmworkers’ Perceptions of Pesticide Exposure and Pregnancy Health
- 845 Downloads
Occupational pesticide exposure may be hazardous to pregnant farmworkers, yet few studies have focused on the health of female farmworkers distinct from their male counterparts or on the impact of agricultural work tasks on pregnancy outcomes. In the current community-based participatory research study, researchers conducted five focus groups with female nursery and fernery workers in Central Florida to enhance knowledge of attitudes about occupational risks and pregnancy health and to gather qualitative data to help form a survey instrument. This article presents the results from questions focused on pesticide exposure and its impact on general, reproductive, pregnancy, and fetal health. Workers reported a belief that pesticide exposure could be hazardous to pregnancy health; descriptions of symptoms and health concerns believed to be related to farmwork and to pesticide exposure; and descriptions of barriers preventing them from practicing safer occupational behaviors.
KeywordsFarmworkers Pesticides Reproductive health Focus groups
This research is supported by funding from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health R21OH009830.
- 1.Bureau of Labor Statistics. Household data: employed persons in agriculture. Available at ftp://ftp.bls.gov/pub/special.requests/lf/aat15.txt; 2008.
- 2.Department of Labor. Findings from the National Agricultural Workers Survey (NAWS) (2001–2002). A demographic and employment profile of United States farm workers. Office of the Assistant Secretary for Policy, Office of Programmatic Policy, Research Report No. 9. Available at http://www.doleta.gov/agworker/report9/naws_rpt9.pdf; 2005.
- 24.Alexander FE, Patheal SL, Biondi A, Brandanse S, Cabrera ME, Chan LC, Chen Z, Cimino G, Cordoba JC, Gu LJ, Hussein H, Ishii E, Kamel AM, Labra S, Magalhaes IQ, Mizutani S, Petridou E, de Oliveira MP, Yuen P, Wiemels JL, Greaves MF. Transplacental chemical exposure and risk of infant leukemia with MLL gene fusion. Cancer Res. 2001;61:2542–6.PubMedGoogle Scholar
- 30.Smith S, Swisher ME, Shehan C. Targeting women in agribusiness. J Ext. 1990; 28. Available at http://www.joe.org/joe/1990winter/a8.php.