Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 14, Issue 5, pp 890–894 | Cite as

Health Risk Behaviors Among Five Asian American Subgroups in California: Identifying Intervention Priorities

  • Annette E. Maxwell
  • Catherine M. Crespi
  • Ryan E. Alano
  • Madhuri Sudan
  • Roshan Bastani
Brief Communication

Abstract

This analysis assessed the prevalence of excess body weight, physical inactivity and alcohol and tobacco use in Asian American subgroups. Using 2005 California Health Interview Survey data, we estimated the prevalence of body mass index (BMI) categories using both standard and World Health Organization-proposed Asian-specific categories, physical inactivity, and alcohol and tobacco use for Chinese (n = 1,285), Japanese (n = 421), Korean (n = 620), Filipino (n = 659) and Vietnamese (n = 480) Americans in California. About 80% of Japanese and Filipino American men and 70% of Korean American men were “increased/high risk” by Asian-specific BMI categories. Most Asian American subgroups were more likely to walk for transportation than non-Hispanic whites, but less likely to report other physical activities. Highest smoking and binge drinking prevalences were among Korean, Vietnamese and Filipino American men and Japanese and Korean American women. These results suggest risk profiles for each Asian American subgroup to consider when setting priorities for health promotion programs.

Keywords

Asian American subgroups California Health Interview Survey Body mass index Health risk behaviors 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The preparation of this paper was funded in part by P01 CA109091 from the National Cancer Institute and National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities. C.M.C. was supported by NIH/NCI grant P30 CA16042 and R.E.A. was supported by NIH/NCI grant 5R25CA078583.

References

  1. 1.
    Danaei G, Ding EL, Mozaffarian D, Taylor B, Rehm J, Murray CJ, et al. The preventable causes of death in the United States: comparative risk assessment of dietary, lifestyle, and metabolic risk factors. PLoS Med. 2009;6(4):e1000058.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Diamant AL, Babey, SH, Wolstein J, Jones M. Obesity and diabetes: two growing epidemics in California. Health Policy Research Brief. 2010.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Singh GK, Siahpush M, Hiatt RA, Timsina LR. Dramatic increases in obesity and overweight prevalence and body mass index among ethnic-immigrant and social class groups in the United States, 1976–2008. J Community Health. 2011;36(1):94–110.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wang Y, Beydoun MA. The obesity epidemic in the United States—gender, age, socioeconomic, racial/ethnic, and geographic characteristics: a systematic review and meta-regression analysis. Epidemiol Rev. 2007;29:6–28.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Samaha FF. New international measuring stick for defining obesity in non-Europeans. Circulation. 2007;115(16):2089–90.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    WHO. Appropriate body-mass index for Asian populations and its implications for policy and intervention strategies. Lancet. 2004;363(9403):157–63.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ahn MK, Juon HS, Gittelsohn J. Association of race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, acculturation, and environmental factors with risk of overweight among adolescents in California, 2003. Prev Chronic Dis. 2008;5(3):A75.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Goel MS, McCarthy EP, Phillips RS, Wee CC. Obesity among US immigrant subgroups by duration of residence. JAMA. 2004;292(23):2860–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Cho J, Juon HS. Assessing overweight and obesity risk among Korean Americans in California using World Health Organization body mass index criteria for Asians. Prev Chronic Dis. 2006;3(3):A79.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    California Health Interview Survey. CHIS 2005 methodology series: report 4—response rates. Los Angeles: UCLA Center for Health Policy Research; 2007.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Annette E. Maxwell
    • 1
  • Catherine M. Crespi
    • 1
  • Ryan E. Alano
    • 1
  • Madhuri Sudan
    • 1
  • Roshan Bastani
    • 1
  1. 1.UCLA Center for Cancer Prevention and Control Research, Los Angeles School of Public Health, UCLA Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Equity and Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer CenterUniversity of CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA

Personalised recommendations