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Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 15, Issue 1, pp 43–48 | Cite as

Hypertension Risk Assessment in the Largest Ethnic Groups in Jordan

  • Kawkab Shishani
  • Rana Dajani
  • Yousef Khader
Original Paper

Abstract

Hypertension is the most common cardiovascular disease. No data exists on the health status of the largest ethnic groups in Jordan. Seven hundred ninety two Chechens and Circassians participated in this study. Two readings of systolic and diastolic blood pressure were taken from the left arm with the subject seated and the arm at heart level, after at least 5 min of rest, using standardized mercury sphygmomanometer. The mean of the two readings were taken as the individual’s blood pressure. The overall prevalence rate of hypertension was 23.9%. Risk factors for hypertension were: family history (OR = 3.6, CI, 2.1, 6.3), female gender (OR = 2.5, CI, 1.7, 4.0), Dyslipidemia (OR = 2.3, CI, 1.5, 3.6), waist measurement above normal range (OR = 1.1, CI, 1.2–1.3) and older age (OR = 1.1, CI, 1.0–1.1). Public health efforts must be directed toward screening high risk individuals and intervening at early stage to improve health outcomes.

Keywords

Hypertension Risk Prevention Smoking Jordan 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The funding source the Jordanian Higher Council for Science and Technology.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of NursingWashington State UniversitySpokaneUSA
  2. 2.Department of Biology and BiotechnologyHashemite UniversityZarqaJordan
  3. 3.Department of Community MedicineJordan University of Science and TechnologyIrbidJordan

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