Information Channels Associated with Awareness of Human Papillomavirus Infections and Vaccination among Latino Immigrants from Safety Net Clinics
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We report on information channels associated with awareness about human papillomavirus (HPV) among immigrant Central and South American Latinos. We conducted a survey of 1,334 Latino ≥ 21 years attending safety-net clinics in 2007–2008. Logistic regression analyses evaluated associations with HPV awareness. Forty-eight percent were aware of HPV infection and 40% were aware of the vaccine. Spanish television (38%) and providers (23%) were the primary HPV information sources. Infection awareness was associated with internet use (OR 1.47; 95% CI 1.10–1.96) and self-efficacy to find health information (OR 1.19; 95% CI 1.08–1.30). Vaccine awareness was associated with media use for health information (OR 1.27; 95% CI 1.09–1.49) and internet use (OR 1.59; 95% CI 1.18–2.13). Although Spanish television has reached this low HPV awareness group, there may be missed opportunities for education by providers. Television and the internet may also be effective channels for future interventions.
KeywordsHuman papillomavirus Latinos Cervical cancer Health communication Vaccine
This research was funded by a grant from the National Cancer Institute (U01 CA114593) as part of the Latin American Cancer Research Coalition (LACRC). This research was also supported by NCI grants #U01 CA86114 and #KO5 CA96940 (JM), KO1 CA155417 (SW) and the Biostatistics and Bioinformatics Shared Resources at Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center under NCI grant #P30CA51008 (AN, GL).
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