Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 14, Issue 3, pp 460–466 | Cite as

Adoption of Safety Eyewear Among Citrus Harvesters in Rural Florida

  • Paul F. Monaghan
  • Carol A. Bryant
  • Robert J. McDermott
  • Linda S. Forst
  • John S. Luque
  • Ricardo B. Contreras
Original Paper

Abstract

The community-based prevention marketing program planning framework was used to adapt an evidence-based intervention to address eye injuries among Florida’s migrant citrus harvesters. Participant-observer techniques, other direct observations, and individual and focus group interviews provided data that guided refinement of a safety eyewear intervention. Workers were attracted to the eyewear’s ability to minimize irritation, offer protection from trauma, and enable work without declines in productivity or comfort. Access to safety glasses equipped with worker-designed features reduced the perceived barriers of using them; deployment of trained peer-leaders helped promote adoption. Workers’ use of safety glasses increased from less than 2% to between 28% and 37% in less than two full harvesting seasons. The combination of formative research and program implementation data provided insights for tailoring an existing evidence-based program for this occupational community and increase potential for future dissemination and worker protection.

Keywords

Migrant farm workers Eye injuries Community health workers Occupational health Rural health 

References

  1. 1.
    Glasgow RE, Emmons KM. How can we increase translation of research to practice? Types of evidence needed. Ann Rev Pub Health. 2007;28:13.1–13.21.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). r2p: Research to practice at NIOSH [cited 3 Jan 2011]. http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/r2p/.
  3. 3.
    Brownson RC, Gurney JG, Land G. Evidenced-based decision making is public health. J Pub Health Manag Pract. 1999;5:86–97.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Maibach EW, Van Duyn MAS, Bloodgood B. A marketing perspective on disseminating evidence-based approaches to disease prevention and health promotion. Prev Chronic Dis 3(3) [cited 4 Jun 2010]. http://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2006/jul/05_0154.htm.
  5. 5.
    Van Duyn MAS, McCrae T, Wingrove BK, Henderson KM, Boyd JK, Kagawa-Singer M, et al. Adapting evidence-based strategies to increase physical activity among African Americans, Hispanics, Hmong, and Native Hawaiians: a social marketing approach. Prev Chronic Dis. 2007;4(4) [cited 4 Jun 2010]. http://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2007/oct/07_0025.htm.
  6. 6.
    Bryant CA, Forthofer MS, Brown KM, Landis D, McDermott RJ. Community-based prevention marketing—the next steps in disseminating behavior change. Am J Health Behav. 2000;24:61–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bryant CA, Brown KM, McDermott RJ, Forthofer MS, Bumpus EC, Calkins SA, et al. Community-based prevention marketing: organizing a community for health behavior intervention. Health Prom Pract. 2007;8:154–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Prevention Research Centers [cited 3 Jan 2011]. http://www.cdc.gov/chronicdisease/resources/publications/AAG/prc.htm.
  9. 9.
    Fong LP, Taouk Y. The role of eye protection in work-related eye injuries. Aust N Z J Ophthalmol. 1995;23:101–6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Vasu U, Vasnaik A, Battu RR, Kurian M, George S. Occupational open globe injuries. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2001;49:43–7.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Xiang H, Stallones L, Chen G, Smith GA. Work-related eye injuries treated in hospital emergency departments in the US. Am J Ind Med. 2005;48:57–62.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Forst LS, Lacey S, Chen HY, Jimenez R, Bauer S, Skinner S, et al. Effectiveness of community health workers for promoting use of safety eyewear by Latino farm workers. Am J Ind Med. 2004;46:607–13.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Anthony MJ, Martin EG, Avery AM, Williams JM. Self care and health-seeking behavior of migrant farmworkers. J Immigr Minor Health. 2010;12(5):634–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Taylor S, Coates M, Vallejos Q, Feldman S, Schulz S, Quant S. Pterygium among Latino farmworkers in North Carolina. Arch Environ Occup Health. 2006;27(6):27–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Eye injuries to agricultural workers—Minnesota, 1992–1993. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 1995;44(18):364–6.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Lacey SE, Forst LS, Petrea RE, Conroy LM. Eye injury in migrant farm workers and suggested hazard controls. J Agric Saf Health. 2007;13(3):259–74.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Quandt SA, Elmore RC, Arcury TA, Norton D. Eye symptoms and use of eye protection among seasonal and migrant farmworkers. South Med J. 2001;94(6):603–7.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Quandt SA, Feldman SR, Vallejos QM, Schulz MR, Verma A, Fleischer AB, et al. Vision problems, eye care history, and ocular protection among migrant farmworkers. Arch Environ Occup Health. 2008;63(1):13–6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Luque JS, Monaghan P, Contreras RB, August E, Baldwin JA, Bryant CA, et al. Implementation evaluation of a culturally competent eye injury prevention program for citrus workers in a Florida migrant community. Prog Community Health Partnersh. 2007;1:359–69.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    FloridaLegal.org. 2010. Facts [cited 4 Jun 2010]. http://www.floridalegal.org/facts.htm.
  21. 21.
    Larson AL, Plascencia L. Migrant enumeration project 1993. Rockville (MD): Bureau of Primary Health Care; 1993.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Roka F, Cook D. Farmworkers in Southwest Florida—final report. University of Florida, Southwest Florida Research and Education Center, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Gainesville, FL. 1998 [cited 4 Jun 2010]. http://www.fachc.org/pdf/Farmworkers%20in%20Southwest%20Florida.pdf.
  23. 23.
    Bell D. Diagnosis of malaria in a remote area of the Philippines: comparison of techniques and their acceptance by health workers and the community. Bull World Health Organ. 2001;79:933–42.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Kelly JM, Osamba B, Garg RM, Hamel MJ, Lewis J, Rowe S, et al. Community health worker performance in the management of multiple childhood illness: Siaya District, Kenya, 1997–2001. Am J Pub Health. 2001;91:1617–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Bender DE, Pitkin K. Bridging the gap: the village health worker as the cornerstone of the primary health care model. Soc Sci Med. 1987;24:515–28.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Hubbard JK. Emergence of the role of the village health worker—a new status in Tarahumara society. Border Health. 1985;5(Suppl.):6–9.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Love MB, Gardener K, Legion V. Community health workers: who they are and what they do. Health Educ Behav. 1997;24:510–22.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Koch E, Thompson A, Keegan P. Community health workers: a leadership brief on preventative health programs. Washington DC: Center for Policy Alternatives; 1998.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Gómez-Murphy M. Innovative strategies in delivering health care: The Promotora Model. In: Salud Sin Fronteras-health without borders: proceedings of the U.S.–Mexico border conference on women’s health, September 26–28, Edinburg, TX. Washington DC: National Cancer Institute; 1998.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Neal A, Griffin MA. A longitudinal study of the relationships among, safety climate, safety behavior, and accidents at the individual and group levels. J Appl Psychol. 2006;91:946–53.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul F. Monaghan
    • 1
  • Carol A. Bryant
    • 2
  • Robert J. McDermott
    • 2
  • Linda S. Forst
    • 3
  • John S. Luque
    • 4
  • Ricardo B. Contreras
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Agricultural Education and CommunicationUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  2. 2.Florida Prevention Research CenterUniversity of South Florida College of Public HealthTampaUSA
  3. 3.University of Illinois-Chicago School of Public HealthChicagoUSA
  4. 4.Jiann-Ping Hsu College of Public HealthGeorgia Southern UniversityStatesboroUSA
  5. 5.Department of AnthropologyEast Carolina UniversityGreenvilleUSA

Personalised recommendations