Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 12, Issue 6, pp 900–908 | Cite as

Immigration and Sexual Partner Risk Among Latino Adolescents in San Francisco

  • A. M. Minnis
  • I. Doherty
  • E. vanDommelen-Gonzalez
  • H. Cheng
  • R. Otero-Sabogal
  • N. S. Padian
Original Paper


Sexual partner characteristics increase risk for adverse reproductive health outcomes. Evidence is limited regarding whether choice of sexual partners among Latino adolescents changes with U.S. acculturation/adaptation. We used generalized estimating equations to assess the associations between immigrant generation (recent immigrant, 1.5 [immigrated prior to adolescence], 2nd and 3rd) and sexual partner risk in a prospective cohort study of 411 Latino adolescents aged 14–19. We examined three measures of partner risk and mediating effects of family influence (familism and parental monitoring). The odds of reporting a partner with frequent substance use increased with increasing immigrant generation (odds ratios (OR) [reference = recent immigrants]: 2.3, 3.4, and 5.6) as did having a partner who was in a gang/incarcerated (OR [reference = recent immigrants]: 2.4, 3.6, and 5.7). Though the odds of having high-risk partners decreased with higher parental monitoring, neither family influence measure mediated these relationships. Findings underscore the need for a prevention focus on partner choice with attention to increased risk with increasing U.S. generation.


Hispanic Paradox Sexual partners Hispanic Americans Adolescent Immigration Sexual behavior Generation 1.5 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. M. Minnis
    • 1
    • 2
  • I. Doherty
    • 3
  • E. vanDommelen-Gonzalez
    • 1
  • H. Cheng
    • 1
  • R. Otero-Sabogal
    • 4
  • N. S. Padian
    • 2
  1. 1.Women’s Global Health ImperativeRTI InternationalSan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.School of Public HealthUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  3. 3.School of MedicineUniversity of North CarolinaChapel HillUSA
  4. 4.Institute on Health and AgingUniversity of CaliforniaSan FranciscoUSA

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