Higher Mortality and Different Pattern of Causes of Death Among Foreign-Born Compared to Native Swedes 1970–1999
- 108 Downloads
In a previous Swedish longitudinal study of mortality among 723,948 foreign born and native-born Swedes, 1970–1999, increased mortality was found among foreign-born persons. This study describes and analyses the differences in mortality between 361,974 foreign-born persons and 361,974 native Swedes during the period 1970–1999, based on data from Statistics Sweden and the National Board of Health and Welfare. The mortality pattern showed dissimilarities; with a significantly higher number of deaths among foreign-born persons in six diagnose groups and a significantly lower mean age at time of death. A high number of deaths were found for migrants from Denmark in Neoplasm, for migrants from Finland and Poland in Diseases of the circulatory system and for migrants from Yugoslavia in Symptoms, signs and ill-defined conditions. There is a tendency to a more similar pattern between foreign- and Swedish-born persons over time. Migration may be a risk factor for health, and therefore seems to be an important factor to consider when studying morbidity and health and when planning preventive work.
KeywordsSweden transients and migrants mortality causes of death longitudinal study public health epidemiology
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Albin B, Hjelm K, Ekberg J, Elmståhl S: Mortality among 742,668 foreign and native-born Swedes 1970–1999. Eur J Public Health (in press) http://eurpub.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/ cki026?ijkey=vnNCBN79z1BZCJC&keytype=refGoogle Scholar
- 2.Marmot M, Adelstein A, Bulusu L: Immigrant mortality in England and Wales 1980–78. Causes of death by country of birth. Studies on medical and population subjects. London: Office of Population Censuses and Surveys, No. 47, Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1984Google Scholar
- 8.SCB: Statistisk årsbok för Sverige 2003 (Statistical Yearbook for Sweden 2003). Stockholm: Statistiska centralbyrån; 2003Google Scholar
- 13.Hull D: Migration, adaptation and illness: A review. Soc Sci Med 1979; 13:25–36Google Scholar
- 14.Berry JW: Acculturation and adaptation in a new society. Int Migr 1990; 69–86Google Scholar
- 15.Altman D: Practical Statistics for Medical Research. London: Chapman and Hall; 1991Google Scholar
- 16.Jartti L, Ronnemaa T, Kaprio J, Jarvisalo MJ, Toikka JO, Marniem Hammar N, Alfredsson L, Saraste M, Hartiala J, Koskenvuo M, Raitakari OT: Population-based twin study of the effects of migration from Finland to Sweden on endothelial function and intima-media thickness. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 2002; 22:832–837CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 18.Hjelm K, Isacsson Å, Apelqvist J: Health care professionals' perceptions of beliefs about health and illness in migrants with diabetes mellitus. Pract Diabetes Int 1998; 15:233–237Google Scholar
- 26.Ekberg J: Economic progress of immigrants in Sweden from 1970 to 1990: A longitudinal study. Scand J Soc Welfare 1994; 3:148–157Google Scholar
- 28.Olsson L: On the threshold of the People's Home of Sweden: A labour perspective of Baltic refugees and relieved Polish concentration camp prisoners in Sweden at the end of World War II. New York: Center for Migration Studies; 1997Google Scholar
- 29.Sparén P, Vågerö D, Shestov DB, Plavinskaja S, Parfenova N, Hoptiar V, Paturot D, Galanti MR: Long-term mortality after severe starvation during the siege of Leningrad: Prospective cohort study. BMJ; doi: 10.1136/bmj.37942.603970.9AGoogle Scholar