How Cultural Values Affect Subjective Well-Being Among Older Adults: The Role of Proximity of Clothing to Self
- 37 Downloads
This study examined how cultural values (self-construal) affect subjective well-being through the proximity of clothing to self among older adults in Taiwan. Data included survey responses from 249 older adults from elderly community centers in Taiwan. Structural equation modeling and bootstrapping were employed to test the hypotheses. This study found that older adults with interdependent selves were more likely to have high subjective well-being through self-esteem derived from proximity of clothing to self. In contrast, older adults with independent selves tended to have high subjective well-being through self as structure derived from proximity of clothing to self. These findings inform researchers, family members, caregivers, and government policymakers about the mechanism behind the relationship between cultural values and subjective well-being, and how psychological closeness of clothing to self mediates the relationship between cultural values (self-construal) and subjective well-being. Further, the results inform useful strategies on how to employ clothing to enhance subjective well-being.
KeywordsProximity of clothing to self Culture values Self-construal Subjective well-being Taiwan
- Allison, D. P. (2001). Missing data. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
- Brown, M. W., & Cudeck, R. (1993). Alternative ways of assessing model fit. In K. A. Bollen & J. S. Long (Eds.), Testing structure equation models (pp. 136–162). New Bury Park, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
- Diener, E., Suh, E., & Oishi, S. (1997). Recent findings on subjective well-being. Indian Journal of Clinical Psychology,25, 25–41.Google Scholar
- Ferry, T. (2017). Revamping healthcare for a changing world. Taiwan Business Review. Received from https://topics.amcham.com.tw/2017/03/revamping-healthcare-changing-world/.
- Heine, S. J. (2008). Cultural psychology. New York, NY: Norton & Company Inc.Google Scholar
- Kaiser, B. S. (1996). The social psychology of clothing: Symbolic appearances in context. New York, NY: Fairchild Books.Google Scholar
- Kwon, Y. H. (1994). Feeling toward one’s clothing and self-perception of emotion, sociability, and work competency. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality,9(1), 129–139.Google Scholar
- Liu, C. & Kao, E. (2017). Taiwan’s aging index breaches 100 mark as society continues to age. Received from http://focustaiwan.tw/news/asoc/201703090017.aspx.
- Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (2007). Mplus: Statistical analysis with latent variables user’s guide. Los Angeles, CA: Muthen & Muthen.Google Scholar
- Posner, A. R. (1977). Aging and old age. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
- Shin, D. C., & Johnson, D. M. (1978). Avowed happiness as an overall assessment of the quality of life. Social Indicators Research,5(4), 457–492.Google Scholar
- Taiwan Aging. (2015). EFE. Retrieved from http://www.efe.com/efe/english/life/taiwan-is-the-world-s-fastest-ageing-nation-this-decade/50000263-2741487.
- The International Silver Economy Portal. (2017). The ageing population. Retrieved from http://www.silvereco.eu/statistics/.
- Triandis, C. H. (2003). Cultural syndromes and subjective well-being. In E. Diener & E. Suh (Eds.), Culture and subjective well-being (pp. 13–36). Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.Google Scholar
- World Health Organization. (2015). Ageing and health. Retrieved August 8, 2016 from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs404/en/.