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An Exploration of the Spanish Cultural Term Rasmia: A Combination of Eagerness, Strength, Activeness, Courage, Tenacity and Gracefulness


Since much of the empirical work within Positive Psychology has taken place in English-speaking Western countries, there is concern that the resulting concepts and theories of well-being reflect a bias towards Western (and more specifically English-influenced) ways of thinking. However, efforts are underway in the field to enhance its intercultural sensitivity, including in relation to studying cross-cultural diversity in emotional experience and understanding. In that respect, the current article focuses on the notion of rasmia, a Spanish term denoting drive and tenacity in achieving a goal. The research aims to explore the beliefs and conceptions that Spanish people have regarding rasmia. An on-line survey of Spanish residents revealed that rasmia was defined as incorporating eagerness, strength, activeness, courage, tenacity and gracefulness. A second study, conducted in order to determine the degree of agreement with this definition, showed an 80% of agreement. The results highlight the value of engaging with non-English concepts like rasmia.

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Correspondence to M. Dolores Merino.

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Merino, M.D., Velázquez, M. & Lomas, T. An Exploration of the Spanish Cultural Term Rasmia: A Combination of Eagerness, Strength, Activeness, Courage, Tenacity and Gracefulness. J Happiness Stud 21, 693–707 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10902-019-00104-y

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  • Rasmia
  • Energy
  • Eagerness
  • Strength
  • Courage
  • Gracefulness