Advertisement

Journal of Happiness Studies

, Volume 20, Issue 3, pp 863–881 | Cite as

The Relationship Between Faculty Members’ Passion for Work and Well-Being

  • Mariya A. Yukhymenko-LescroartEmail author
  • Gitima Sharma
Research Paper
  • 334 Downloads

Abstract

The present study considered the dualistic nature of passion to examine whether passion toward work predicted hedonic (life satisfaction and subjective happiness) and eudaimonic (sense of purpose) well-being. Faculty members (N = 177) completed questionnaires assessing harmonious and obsessive passions for work, life satisfaction, subjective happiness, and three constructs related to sense of purpose in life: awakening to purpose, awareness of purpose, and altruistic purpose. Structural equation modeling was used to explore the extent to which passion toward work explained variance in both hedonic and eudaimonic well-being. Findings indicated that in contrast to obsessive passion, harmonious work passion emerged as a positive predictor of life satisfaction and subjective happiness. Findings also showed that harmonious and obsessive passion toward work positively predicted awareness of life purpose and altruistic purpose. However, awakening to purpose was predicted by obsessive work passion only. Overall, findings highlighted that harmonious passion for work may play a salient role in individuals’ well-being and that faculty with obsessive work passion may feel compelled to search for one’s life purpose.

Keywords

Purpose in life Satisfaction Happiness Passion Hedonic well-being Eudaimonic well-being Faculty Adults 

References

  1. Allen, D., & Nora, A. (1995). An empirical examination of the construct validity of goal commitment in the persistence process. Research in Higher Education, 36, 509–533.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Amiot, C. E., Vallerand, R. J., & Blanchard, C. M. (2006). Passion and psychological adjustment: A test of the person-environment fit hypothesis. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 32, 220–229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Beauducel, A., & Herzberg, P. Y. (2006). On the performance of maximum likelihood versus means and variance adjusted weighted least squares estimation in CFA. Structural Equation Modeling, 13, 186–203.  https://doi.org/10.1207/s15328007sem1302_2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bélanger, J. J., Lafreniere, M. A. K., Vallerand, R. J., & Kruglanski, A. W. (2013). When passion makes the heart grow colder: The role of passion in alternative goal suppression. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 104(1), 126–147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bierly, P. E., Kessler, E. H., & Christensen, E. W. (2000). Organizational learning, knowledge, and wisdom. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 13, 595–618.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bolles, R. N. (2009). The 2009 what color is your parachute? A practical manual for job hunters and career-changers. Berkeley: Ten Speed Press.Google Scholar
  7. Bronk, K. C. (2008). Humility among adolescent purpose exemplars. Journal of Research in Character Education, 6(1), 35–51.Google Scholar
  8. Bronk, K. C., & Finch, H. W. (2010). Adolescent characteristics by type of long-term aim in life. Applied Developmental Science, 14, 35–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bronk, K. C., Hill, P. L., Lapsley, D. K., Talib, T. L., & Finch, H. W. (2009). Purpose, hope, and life satisfaction in three age groups. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 4, 500–510.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Burke, R. J., Astakhova, M. N., & Hang, H. (2014). Work passion through the lens of culture: Harmonious work passion, obsessive work passion, and work outcomes in Russia and China. Journal of Business and Psychology, 30, 457–471.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Carbonneau, N., Vallerand, R. J., Fernet, C., & Guay, F. (2008). The role of passion for teaching in intrapersonal and interpersonal outcomes. Journal of Educational Psychology, 100(4), 977–987.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Chen, P., Ellsworth, P. C., & Schwarz, N. (2015). Finding a fit or developing it: Implicit theories about achieving passion for work. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 41, 1411–1424.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Cherkowski, S., & Walker, K. (2016). Purpose, passion and play. Journal of Educational Administration, 54, 378–392.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Connolly, J. J., & Viswesvaran, C. (2000). The role of affectivity in job satisfaction: A meta-analysis. Personality and Individual Differences, 29, 265–281.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Curran, T., Hill, A. P., Appleton, P. R., Vallerand, R. J., & Standage, M. (2015). The psychology of passion: A meta-analytical review of a decade of research on intrapersonal outcomes. Motivation and Emotion, 39(5), 631–655.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Damon, W. (2008). The path to purpose: How young people find their calling in life. New York: The Free Press.Google Scholar
  17. Damon, W., Menon, J., & Bronk, K. C. (2003). The development of purpose during adolescence. Applied Developmental Science, 7, 119–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Day, C. (2004). A passion for teaching. London: RoutledgeFalmer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Debats, D. L., Drost, J., & Hansen, P. (1995). Experiences of meaning in life: A combined qualitative and quantitative approach. British Journal of Psychology, 86, 359–375.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2000). The “what” and “why” of goal pursuits: Human needs and the self-determination of behavior. Psychological Inquiry, 11(4), 227–268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Diener, E. D., Emmons, R. A., Larsen, R. J., & Griffin, S. (1985). The satisfaction with life scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49(1), 71–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Diener, E., & Lucas, R. E. (2000). Subjective emotional well-being. In M. Lewis & J. M. Haviland (Eds.), Handbook of Emotions (pp. 325–337). New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
  23. Diener, E., Lucas, R. E., & Oishi, S. (2002). Subjective well-being: The science of happiness and life satisfaction. In C. R. Snyder & S. J. Lopez (Eds.), Handbook of positive psychology (pp. 63–73). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  24. Diener, E., Suh, E. M., Lucas, R. E., & Smith, H. E. (1999). Subjective well-being: Three decades of progress. Psychological Bulletin, 125, 276–302.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. DiStefano, C. (2002). The impact of categorization with confirmatory factor analysis. Structural Equation Modeling, 9, 327–346.  https://doi.org/10.1207/S15328007SEM0903_2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Dolan, C. V. (1994). Factor analysis of variables with 2, 3, 5 and 7 response categories: A comparison of categorical variable estimators using simulated data. British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology, 47, 309–326.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8317.1994.tb01039.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Donaldson, S. I., Dollwet, M., & Rao, M. A. (2015). Happiness, excellence, and optimal human functioning revisited: Examining the peer- reviewed literature linked to positive psychology. Journal of Positive Psychology, 10, 185–195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Frankl, V. E. (1959). Man’s search for meaning. Boston: Beacon Press.Google Scholar
  29. French, S., & Joseph, S. (1999). Religiosity and its association with happiness, purpose in life, and self-actualization. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 2, 117–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. George, J. M. (1989). Mood and absence. Journal of Applied Psychology, 74, 317–324.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Hair, J. F., Jr., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., Anderson, R. E., & Tatham, R. L. (2006). Multivariate data analysis (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River: Pearson Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  32. Halonen, S. M., & Lomas, T. (2014). A passionate way of being: A qualitative study revealing the passion spiral. International Journal of Psychological Research, 7, 17–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Hill, P. L., Burrow, A. L., O’Dell, A. C., & Thornton, M. A. (2010a). Classifying adolescents’ conceptions of purpose in life. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 5, 466–473.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Hill, P. L., Burrow, A. L., O’Dell, A. C., & Thornton, M. A. (2010b). Classifying adolescents’ conceptions of purpose in life. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 5(6), 466–473.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Hu, L., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling, 6, 1–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Ikeda, D. (2011). On attaining Buddhahood in this lifetime. Santa Monica: World Tribune Press.Google Scholar
  37. Kahneman, D., Diener, E., & Schwarz, N. (Eds.). (1999). Well-being: The foundations of hedonic psychology. New York: Russell Sage Found.Google Scholar
  38. Lafrenière, M.-A. K., St-Louis, A. C., Vallerand, R. J., & Donahue, E. G. (2012). On the relation between performance and life satisfaction: The moderating role of passion. Self and Identity, 11, 516–530.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Lafrenière, M. A. K., Vallerand, R. J., & Sedikides, C. (2013). On the relation between self-enhancement and life satisfaction: The moderating role of passion. Self and Identity, 12(6), 597–609.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Li, C. H. (2016). Confirmatory factor analysis with ordinal data: Comparing robust maximum likelihood and diagonally weighted least squares. Behavior Research Methods, 48(3), 936–949.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Locke, E. A., & Latham, G. P. (2002). Building a practically useful theory of goal setting and task motivation. American Psychologist, 57, 705–717.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Lyubomirsky, S., King, L., & Diener, E. (2005). The benefits of frequent positive affect: Does happiness lead to success? Psychological Bulletin, 131, 803–855.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Lyubomirsky, S., & Lepper, H. S. (1999). A measure of subjective happiness: Preliminary reliability and construct validation. Social Indicators Research, 46(2), 137–155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Mariano, J. M., & Savage, J. (2009). Exploring the language of youth purpose: References to positive states and coping styles by adolescents with different kinds of purpose. Journal of Research in Character Education, 7, 1–24.Google Scholar
  45. Marsh, H. W., Vallerand, R. J., Lafreniere, M. A. K., Parker, P., Morin, A. J. S., Carbonneau, N., et al. (2013). Passion: Does one scale fit all? Construct validity of two-factor passion scale and psychometric invariance over different activities and languages. Psychological Assessment, 25, 796–809.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Masuda, A. D., Kane, T. D., Shoptaugh, C. F., & Minor, K. A. (2010). The role of a vivid and challenging personal vision in goal hierarchies. The Journal of Psychology, 144, 221–242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. McKnight, P. E., & Kashdan, T. B. (2009). Purpose in life as a system that creates and sustains health and well-being: An integrative, testable theory. Review of General Psychology, 13, 242–251.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Moè, A. (2016). Harmonious passion and its relationship with teacher well-being. Teaching and Teacher Education, 59, 431–437.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (1998–2017). Mplus user’s guide (8th ed.). Los Angeles: Muthén & Muthén.Google Scholar
  50. Nix, G., Ryan, R. M., Manly, J. B., & Deci, E. L. (1999). Revitalization through self-regulation: The effects of autonomous versus controlled motivation on happiness and vitality. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 35, 266–284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Philippe, F., Vallerand, R. J., & Lavigne, G. (2009). Passion does make a difference in people’s lives: A look at well-being in passionate and non-passionate individuals. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being, 1, 3–22.Google Scholar
  52. Pinquart, M., Silbereisen, R. K., & Fröhlich, C. (2009). Life goals and purpose in life in cancer patients. Supportive Care in Cancer, 7, 253–259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Reilly, T. S. (2009). Talent, purpose, and goal orientations: Case studies of talented adolescents. High Ability Studies, 20, 161–172.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Reker, G. T., Peacock, E. J., & Wong, P. T. (1987). Meaning and purpose in life and well-being: A life-span perspective. Journal of Gerontology, 42(1), 44–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Rhemtulla, M., Brosseau-Liard, P. É., & Savalei, V. (2012). When can categorical variables be treated as continuous? A comparison of robust continuous and categorical SEM estimation methods under suboptimal conditions. Psychological Methods, 17, 354–373.  https://doi.org/10.1037/a0029315.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Rice, K. G., & Dellwo, J. P. (2002). Perfectionism and self-development: Implications for college adjustment. Journal of Counseling and Development, 80, 188–196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Rip, B., Vallerand, R. J., & Lafrenière, M. A. K. (2012). Passion for a cause, passion for a creed: On ideological passion, identity threat, and extremism. Journal of Personality, 80(3), 573–602.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Rousseau, F. L., & Vallerand, R. J. (2003). Le rôle de la passion dans le bien-être subjectif des aînés [The role of passion in the subjective well-being of the elderly]. Revue Québécoise de Psychologie, 24, 197–211.Google Scholar
  59. Rousseau, F. L., & Vallerand, R. J. (2008). An examination of the relationship between passion and subjective well-being in older adults. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 66, 195–211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2000). Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being. American Psychologist, 55, 68–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2001). On happiness and human potentials: A review of research on hedonic and eudaimonic well-being. Annual Review of Psychology, 52(1), 141–166.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Ryff, C. D. (1989). Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57(6), 1069–1081.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Ryff, C. D., & Keyes, C. L. (1995). The structure of psychological wellbeing revisited. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, 719–727.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Sharma, G., Yukhymenko-Lescroart, M. A., & Kang, Z. (2017). Sense of purpose scale: Development and initial validation. Applied Developmental Science, 28, 1–12.Google Scholar
  65. Sheldon, K. M., & Lyubomirsky, S. (2006). Achieving sustainable gains in happiness: Change your actions, not your circumstances. Journal of Happiness Studies, 7, 55–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Shin, D. C., & Johnson, D. M. (1978). Avowed happiness as an overall assessment of the quality of life. Social Indicators Research, 5, 475–492.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Staw, B. M., Sutton, R. I., & Pelled, L. H. (1994). Employee positive emotion and favorable outcomes at the workplace. Organization Science, 5, 51–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Steger, M. F., Frazier, P., Oishi, S., & Kaler, M. (2006). The meaning in life questionnaire: Assessing the presence of and search for meaning in life. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 53, 80–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. St-Louis, A. C., Carbonneau, N., & Vallerand, R. J. (2016). Passion for a cause: How it affects health and well-being. Journal of Personality, 84, 263–276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Vallerand, R. J. (2012). The role of passion in sustainable psychological well-being. Psychology of Well-Being: Theory, Research and Practice, 2, 1–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Vallerand, R. J. (2013). Passion and optimal functioning in society: A eudaimonic perspective. In A. S. Waterman (Ed.), The best within us: Positive psychology perspectives on eudaimonia (pp. 183–206). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Vallerand, R. J., Blanchard, C., & Mageau, G. A. (2003). Les passions de l’âme: On obsessive and harmonious passion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85, 756–767.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Vallerand, R. J., & Houlfort, N. (2003). Passion at work: Toward a new conceptualization. In S. W. Gilliland, D. D. Steiner, & D. P. Skarlicki (Eds.), Emerging perspectives on values in organizations (pp. 175–204). Greenwich: Information Age Publishing.Google Scholar
  74. Vallerand, R. J., Mageau, G. A., Elliot, A. J., Dumais, A., Demers, M. A., & Rousseau, F. (2008). Passion and performance attainment in sport. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 9, 373–392.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Vallerand, R. J., Salvy, S. J., Mageau, G. A., Elliot, A. J., Denis, P. L., Grouzet, F. M., & Blanchard, C. (2007). On the role of passion in performance. Journal of Personality, 75, 505–534.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Van Katwyk, P. T., Fox, S., Spector, P. E., & Kelloway, E. K. (2000). Using the job-related affective well-being scale (JAWS) to investigate affective responses to work stressors. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 52, 219–230.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Waterman, A. S. (1993). Two conceptions of happiness: Contrasts of personal expressiveness (eudaimonia) and hedonic enjoyment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 64, 678–691.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Wright, T. A., & Cropanzano, R. (2000). Psychological well-being and job satisfaction as predictors of job performance. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 5, 84–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Wright, T., Cropanzano, R., & Bonnet, D. (2007). The moderating role of employee positivewell being on the relation between job satisfaction and job performance. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 12(2), 93–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Wright, T. A., & Staw, B. M. (1999). Affect and favorable work outcomes: Two longitudinal tests of the happy—Productive worker thesis. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 20, 1–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Yang, J. S., & Hung, H. V. (2017). Happy workers value effort, sad workers value reward. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 28(11), 1591–1624.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Yeager, D. S., & Bundick, M. J. (2009). The role of purposeful work goals in promoting meaning in life and in schoolwork during adolescence. Journal of Adolescent Research, 24, 423–452.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Yukhymenko, M. A., & Sharma, G. (2017, April). Validation of the Sense of purpose inventory with adults. Roundtable presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association (AERA), San Antonio, TX.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mariya A. Yukhymenko-Lescroart
    • 1
    Email author
  • Gitima Sharma
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Curriculum and InstructionCalifornia State University FresnoFresnoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Counselor Education and RehabilitationCalifornia State UniversityFresnoUSA

Personalised recommendations