Journal of Happiness Studies

, Volume 20, Issue 8, pp 2431–2444 | Cite as

Longitudinal Trajectories of Passion and Their Individual and Social Determinants: A Latent Growth Modeling Approach

  • István Tóth-KirályEmail author
  • Beáta Bőthe
  • Miriam Jánvári
  • Adrien Rigó
  • Gábor Orosz
Research Paper


While the Dualistic Model of Passion posits that passion can fluctuate over time, the investigation of this notion still remains understudied and is mostly assessed indirectly. This study directly examined the ongoing development of passion in a sample of young adults (N = 205) over a period of 4 months. The contribution of individual (need fulfillment) and social (perceived parental styles) determinants to the growth trajectories were also considered. Via latent growth modeling, the results showed that harmonious passion, obsessive passion, and the passion criteria had elevated levels at the initial measurement, and that passion remained high and stable over the course of 4 months. As for the predictors, parental autonomy-support predicted all three trajectories, while parental overprotection predicted obsessive passion, and psychological need fulfillment predicted harmonious passion. These findings provide a deeper insight into the temporal dynamics of passion as well as highlight key variables for fostering passion in general or harmonious passion as well as for taming obsessive passion.


Development Dualistic model of passion (DMP) Latent growth modeling (LGM) Longitudinal Parenting style Psychological need fulfillment 



The first, the second, and the fifth authors were supported by the Hungarian Research Fund (NKFI FK 124225). The second author was also supported by the ÚNKP-18-3 New National Excellence Program of the Ministry of Human Capacities.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10902_2018_59_MOESM1_ESM.docx (148 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 148 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Doctoral School of PsychologyELTE Eötvös Loránd UniversityBudapestHungary
  2. 2.Institute of PsychologyELTE Eötvös Loránd UniversityBudapestHungary
  3. 3.Institute of Applied Human SciencesUniversity of NyíregyházaNyíregyházaHungary
  4. 4.Department of PsychologyStanford UniversityStanfordUSA

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