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Servant Leadership and Goal Attainment Through Meaningful Life and Vitality: A Diary Study

  • Raquel Rodríguez-Carvajal
  • Marta Herrero
  • Dirk van Dierendonck
  • Sara de Rivas
  • Bernardo Moreno-Jiménez
Research Paper
  • 350 Downloads

Abstract

Despite the emphasis of servant leadership theory on the attention provided to workers’ needs and goals, there is a lack of empirical knowledge on the relationship between servant leadership and employees’ goal attainment. We provide a theoretical model of the mechanism by which this strong focus of servant leadership on a worker’s individual development positively influences the worker’s goal attainment. Through a diary study with 126 workers over five consecutive working days, the results indicated a positive within-person indirect effect of servant leader behaviors on goal attainment a day later through two parallel paths: the meaning in life at night and vitality the next morning. These results provide the first empirical support for the assumption of servant leadership as a promoter of employees’ goals, and highlights how servant leadership positively influences the integration of work as part of life and the energy resources of workers to achieve their daily goals.

Keywords

Servant leadership Goal attainment Meaning in life Vitality Proactive personality 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported in part by grant on Promotion of Research Personnel (FPI-UAM 2013) from the University Autónoma de Madrid.

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raquel Rodríguez-Carvajal
    • 1
  • Marta Herrero
    • 1
  • Dirk van Dierendonck
    • 2
  • Sara de Rivas
    • 1
  • Bernardo Moreno-Jiménez
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Psicología Biológica y de la Salud, Facultad de PsicologíaUniversidad Autónoma de MadridMadridSpain
  2. 2.Rotterdam School of ManagementErasmus UniversityRotterdamThe Netherlands

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