Journal of Happiness Studies

, Volume 19, Issue 5, pp 1439–1463 | Cite as

Happiness at Work Scale: Construction and Psychometric Validation of a Measure Using Mixed Method Approach

  • Sanjay SinghEmail author
  • Yogita Aggarwal
Research Paper


Using a mixed method approach we conducted three studies to construct a multidimensional measure of happiness at work. In Study 1, a qualitative content analysis using Atlas.ti 7 offered support for the proposed, a priori deductive model which also discriminated between the construct of happiness at work and happiness in personal life. Further, a principal axis factoring of the responses consisting of 539 working people (Study 2) yielded four factors reflecting the equal role of organizational and human aspects of the workplace happiness, i.e. supportive work experiences, unsupportive work experiences, flow and intrinsic motivation and work repulsive feelings. In Study 3, a Confirmatory Factor Analysis testing the reflective versus formative structure of the proposed scale supported a four-factor reflective model over a series of 13 competing models. Moreover, the scale showed statistically significant convergent and discriminant validity. Possible applications of the scale in predicting happiness styles and enhancing the experience of happiness at work has been presented at the end.


Happiness at work scale Happiness styles Subjective well-being 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Human Resource Management and Organizational BehaviourAsia-Pacific Institute of ManagementNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of DelhiNew DelhiIndia

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