Journal of Happiness Studies

, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 1147–1159 | Cite as

Gratitude and Athletes’ Life Satisfaction: The Moderating Role of Mindfulness

  • Lung Hung Chen
  • Chia-Huei Wu
  • Jen-Ho ChangEmail author
Research Paper


Life satisfaction is a critical index of well-being and is well documented in the literature as a means of protecting athletes from stress. However, minimal research has focused on the factors that contribute to life satisfaction in sports. Accordingly, we adopted the positive psychology perspective and proposed that gratitude would relate to athletes’ life satisfaction. Additionally, we further suggested that mindfulness would strengthen the relationship between gratitude and athletes’ life satisfaction. Athletes completed measurements, and the results, which indicated that athletes with higher levels of gratitude exhibited increased life satisfaction when they had higher levels of mindfulness, supported our expectations. The implications and applications are discussed in terms of mindfulness.


Mindful attention Broaden and build effect Well-being 



Lung Hung Chen’s research on gratitude was supported by Ministry of Education (2012 project of elastic salary for outstanding scholar, 1010186882) and Ministry of Science and Technology (103-22628-H-179-001-MY2), Taiwan, R.O.C.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Recreation and Leisure Industry ManagementNational Taiwan Sport UniversityTaoyuan CityTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of ManagementLondon School of Economics and Political ScienceLondonUK
  3. 3.Institute of EthnologyAcademia SinicaTaipeiTaiwan

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