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Journal of Happiness Studies

, Volume 18, Issue 3, pp 647–669 | Cite as

The Determinants of Happiness in Turkey: Evidence from City-Level Data

  • Kâzım Anıl ErenEmail author
  • Ahmet Atıl Aşıcı
Research Paper

Abstract

This paper analyses the determinants of happiness in Turkey between 2004 and 2013 by relying on TURKSTAT’s Life Satisfaction Surveys. It contributes to the literature by employing a set of novel variables and a larger dataset which became representative at city-level in 2013. Some of the interesting findings are as follows: degree of hope is found to be the strongest estimator of happiness which was neglected in previous studies; job satisfaction is as important as being employed. Similarly, being married makes people happier only if they are satisfied from their marriage. Education brings more happiness only if it helps to increase income. Moreover, our results support Easterlin Paradox (Nations Househ Econ Growth Essays Honor Moses Abramovitz 1974. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-205050-3.50008-7). We have shown that happiness and income share a potent and positive relationship when yearly or pooled micro datasets are analysed, which has not been observed in macro data.

Keywords

Determinants of happiness Ordered logistic regression TURKSTAT LSS Degree of hope 

JEL Classification

D69 I31 J12 O12 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank to Devrim Dumludağ and Burç Ülengin for their invaluable comments during the study and to Uğurcan Acar for his help in compiling some parts of the data. We also would like to thank the anonymous referees for his suggestions on improving the analysis.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Management, Management EngineeringIstanbul Technical UniversityIstanbulTurkey

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