The Relationship Between Orientations to Happiness and Job Satisfaction One Year Later in a Representative Sample of Employees in Switzerland
- 1.2k Downloads
There are three different routes to happiness: the pleasant life, the good or engaged life, and the meaningful life. These three orientations are positively related with life satisfaction, but the relation with job satisfaction is still not clear. This study examines the relationship between the three orientations to happiness (OTH) and job satisfaction in a 1-year longitudinal study with a representative sample (N = 752, 387 men) of working adults living in Switzerland. This study is part of a larger survey that includes several self-report measures. Regression analyses showed that engagement was positively related with job satisfaction 1 year later. Moreover, when controlling for sociodemographic variables (i.e., age and gender), work-related variables (i.e., household income, managerial responsibility, and financial responsibility), and the five factors of personality (i.e., neuroticism, extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness, and conscientiousness) the interaction of the three OTH (i.e., pleasure × engagement × meaning), still predicted job satisfaction significantly. Individuals who endorse the three OTH presented the highest job satisfaction 1 year later. Therefore, although engagement is more important for job satisfaction than pleasure or meaning, the best predictor of job satisfaction is the interaction of the three OTH. Thus, people who are high in the three OTH simultaneously enjoy the highest job satisfaction. Future studies should examine whether this relationship is causal.
KeywordsOrientation to happiness Engagement Job satisfaction Longitudinal study Representative sample Positive psychology
This publication benefited from the support of the Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research LIVES –Overcoming vulnerability: life course perspectives, which is financed by the Swiss National Science Foundation. The authors are grateful to the Swiss National Science Foundation for its financial assistance.
- Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1990). Flow: The psychology of optimal experience. New York: Harper and Row.Google Scholar
- Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1997). Finding flow: The psychology of engagement with everyday life. New York: HarperCollins.Google Scholar
- Johnston, C. S., Luciano, E. C., Maggiori, C., Ruch, W., & Rossier, J. (2013). Validation of the German version of the Career Adapt-Abilities Scale and its relation to orientations to happiness and work stress. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 83, 295–304. doi: 10.1016/j.jvb.2013.06.002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Maggiori, C., Rossier, J., Krings, F., Johnston, C. S., & Massoudi, K. (in press). Career pathways and professional transitions: Preliminary results from the 1st wave of a 7-year longitudinal study. In M. Oris, C. Roberts, D. Joye, & M. Ernst-Staehli (Eds.), Surveying human vulnerabilities across the life course. New York, NY: Springer.Google Scholar
- Massoudi, K. (2009). Le stress professionnel: Une analyse des vulnérabilités individuelles et des facteurs de risque environnementaux. Bern, Switzerland: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
- Proyer, R. T., Annen, H., Eggimann, N., Schneider, A., & Ruch, W. (2012). Assessing the “good life” in a military context: How does life and work-satisfaction relate to Orientations to Happiness and career-success among Swiss professional officers? Social Indicators Research, 106, 577–590. doi: 10.1007/s11205-011-9823-8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Rolland, J. P. (1995). Inventaire JOBSAT. Paris: Département de Psychologie, Université de Paris X.Google Scholar
- Ruch, W., Harzer, C., Proyer, R. T., Park, N., & Peterson, C. (2010). Ways to happiness in German-speaking countries: The Adaptation of the German version of the Orientations to Happiness Questionnaire in paper–pencil and internet samples. Psychological Assessment, 26, 227–234. doi: 10.1027/1015-5759/a000030.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Seligman, M. E. P. (2002). Authentic happiness: Using the new positive psychology to realize your potential for lasting fulfillment. New York: Free Press/Simon and Schuster.Google Scholar
- Vroom, V. H. (1964). Work and motivation. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
- Weiss, D. J., Dawis, R. V., England, G. W., & Lofquist, L. H. (1967). Manual for the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, Industrial Relations Center.Google Scholar