The Impact of Positive Psychological Interventions on Well-Being in Healthy Elderly People
- 1.5k Downloads
This systematic review aims to evaluate the impact of positive psychological interventions (PPIs) on well-being in healthy older adults. Systematic review of PPIs obtained from three electronic databases (PsycINFO, Scopus, and Web of Science) was undertaken. Inclusion criteria were: that they were positive psychology intervention, included measurement of well-being, participants were aged over 60 years, and the studies were in English. The cochrane collaboration Guidelines dimensions of quality control, randomization, comparability, follow-up rate, dropout, blinding assessors are used to rate the quality of studies by two reviewers independently. The reach, efficacy, adoption, implementation, and maintenance (RE-AIM) for evaluation of PPIs effectiveness was also applied. The final review included eight articles, each describing a positive psychological intervention study. The reminiscence interventions were the most prevalent type of PPIs to promote and maintain well-being in later life. Only two studies were rated as high quality, four were of moderate-quality and two were of low-quality. Overall results indicated that efficacy criteria (89 %), reach criteria (85 %), adoption criteria (73 %), implementation criteria (67 %), and maintenance criteria (4 %) across a variety of RE-AIM dimensions. Directions for future positive psychological research related to RE-AIM, and implications for decision-making, are described.
KeywordsPositive psychological intervention Well-being Older people RE-AIM Systematic review
This study was financially supported by the Thailand Research Fund through the Royal Golden Jubilee Ph.D. Program (Grant No. PHD/0002/2556).
- Armijo-Olivo, S., Stiles, C. R., Hagen, N. A., Biondo, P. D., & Cummings, G. G. (2010). Assessment of study quality for systematic reviews: a comparison of the Cochrane collaboration risk of bias tool and the effective public health practice project quality assessment tool: Methodological research. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 18(1), 12–18. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2753.2010.01516.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Boland, A., Cherry, G. M., & Dickson, R. (2014). Doing a systematic review: A student’s guide. London: SAGE.Google Scholar
- Diener, E., & Chan, M. Y. (2011). Happy people live longer: Subjective well-being contributes to health and longevity. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being, 3(1), 1–43.Google Scholar
- Emmons, R. A., & Shelton, C. S. (2002). Gratitude and the science of positive psychology. In C. R. Snyder & S. J. Lopez (Eds.), Handbook of positive psychology (pp. 459–471). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Erikson, E., & Erikson, J. (1997). The life cycle completed: Extended version. New York: W. W. Norton & Company.Google Scholar
- Horder, H. M., Frandin, K., & Larsson, M. E. H. (2013). Self-respect through ability to keep fear of frailty at a distance: Successful ageing from the perspective of community-dwelling older people. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Health and Well-being, 8, 20194. doi: 10.3402/qhw.v8i0.20194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Kahneman, D., Diener, E., & Schwarz, N. (1999). Well-being: The foundations of hedonic psychology. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
- Lawton, M. P. (1972). Assessing the competence of older people. In D. Kent, R. Kastenbaum, & S. Sherwood (Eds.), Research planning and action for the elderly (pp. 122–143). New York, NY: Behavioral Publications.Google Scholar
- Lusardi, A., & Mitchell, O. S. (2005). Financial literacy and planning: implications for retirement wellbeing. Michigan Retirement Research Center Research Paper No, WP 2005-108.Google Scholar
- Meléndez Moral, J. C., Fortuna Terrero, F.B., Sales Galán, A., & Mayordomo Rodríguez, T. (2014). Effect of integrative reminiscence therapy on depression, wellbeing, integrity, self-esteem, and life satisfaction in older adults. Journal of Positive Psychology. Article in Press.Google Scholar
- Meléndez-Moral, J. C., Charco-Ruiz, L., Mayordomo-Rodríguez, T., & Sales-Galán, A. (2013). Effects of a reminiscence program among institutionalized elderly adults. Psicothema, 25(3), 319–323.Google Scholar
- National Institute of Population and Social Security Research. (2014). Latest Demographic Statistics 2014 (in Japanese). Tokyo: National Institute of Population and Social Security Research.Google Scholar
- Ormel, J., Kempen, G. I. J. M., Deeg, D. J. H., Brilman, E. I., van Sonderen, E., & Relyveld, J. (1998). Functioning, well-being, and health perception in late middle aged and older people: Comparing the effects of depressive symptoms on chronic medical conditions. Journal of American Geriatrics Society, 46(1), 39–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Parks, A. C., & Biswas-Diener, R. (2013). Positive interventions: Past, present, and future. In T. Kashdan & J. Ciarrochi (Eds.), Mindfulness, acceptance, and positive psychology: The seven foundations of wellbeing (pp. 140–165). Oakland, CA: Context Press.Google Scholar
- Population Reference Bureau. (2014). 2014 WORLD POPULATION DATA SHEET. http://www.prb.org/pdf14/2014-world-population-data-sheet_eng.pdf.
- Preschl, B., Maercker, A., Wagner, B., Forstmeier, S., Baños, R. M., Alcañiz, M., et al. (2012). Life-review therapy with computer supplements for depression in the elderly: A randomized controlled trial. Aging and Mental Health, 16(8), 964–974. doi: 10.1080/13607863.2012.702726.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Seligman, M. E. P. (2002). Authentic happiness: Using the new positive psychology to realize your potential for lasting fulfilment. New York, NY: Free Press.Google Scholar
- Shadish, W. R., Cook, T. D., & Campbell, D. T. (2002). Experimental and quasi-experimental designs for generalized causal inference. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin and Company.Google Scholar
- Sherman, E. (1991). Reminiscence and the self in old age. New York: Springer Publishing Company.Google Scholar
- Steverink, N., Schuurmans, H., Slaets, J. P. J., Lindenberg, S., Frieswijk, N., & Buunk, B. P. (2003). Can self-management ability help to maintain subjective well-being in frail elderly people? Gerontologist, 43, 551.Google Scholar
- Sutton, A. J., Abrams, K. R., Jones, D. R., Sheldon, T. A., & Song, F. (1998). Systematic reviews of trials and other studies. Health Technology Assessment, 2(9), 1–276.Google Scholar
- United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. (2013). World Population Ageing 2013. http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/publications/pdf/ageing/WorldPopulationAgeing2013.pdf.