Journal of Happiness Studies

, Volume 17, Issue 6, pp 2347–2363 | Cite as

Implicit Theories of Well-Being Predict Well-Being and the Endorsement of Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes

  • Andrew J. HowellEmail author
  • Holli-Anne Passmore
  • Mark D. Holder
Research Paper


The current studies investigated whether beliefs concerning the malleability or immutability of well-being (i.e., incremental and entity implicit theories of well-being, respectively) are predictive of hedonic and eudaimonic well-being and of the endorsement of activities conducive to well-being. Studies 1 and 2 demonstrated that, relative to entity theory endorsement, the endorsement of an incremental theory of well-being predicted greater hedonic and eudaimonic well-being. Moreover, regression analyses showed that these associations remained when including scores on measures of socially desirable responding, implicit theories of ability, and related variables of striving for personal growth, hope, and character strengths usage. Study 3 showed that greater endorsement of an incremental theory of well-being predicted greater perceived utility of well-being activities. Study 4 showed that an experimentally-induced incremental theory of well-being caused greater endorsement of well-being activities than an experimentally-induced entity theory of well-being. These findings suggest that amenability toward, and responsiveness to, existing well-being interventions may be fostered by an incremental theory of well-being. Furthermore, they suggest that cultivating an incremental mindset regarding well-being may facilitate adaptive functioning and, thereby, serve as a well-being intervention.


Implicit theories Well-being Incremental Entity Hedonic well-being Eudaimonic well-being Interventions 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrew J. Howell
    • 1
    Email author
  • Holli-Anne Passmore
    • 2
  • Mark D. Holder
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyMacEwan UniversityEdmontonCanada
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of British ColumbiaKelowna, BCCanada

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