Journal of Happiness Studies

, Volume 17, Issue 5, pp 2077–2095 | Cite as

Affect and Affect Regulation Strategies Reciprocally Influence Each Other in Daily Life: The Case of Positive Reappraisal, Problem-Focused Coping, Appreciation and Rumination

  • Jean-Baptiste Pavani
  • Sarah Le Vigouroux
  • Jean-Luc Kop
  • Anne Congard
  • Bruno Dauvier
Research Paper

Abstract

Feelings of positive or negative affect are not restricted to temporary states. They can also determine future affective experiences, by influencing the building of an individual’s personal resources. The present study was designed to understand the daily fluctuations in positive and negative affect more fully. To this end, we examined the involvement of a variety of affect regulation strategies in these fluctuations. The affect regulation strategies we explored included positive reappraisal, problem-focused coping, appreciation and rumination. We adopted an experience sampling method, consisting of five daily assessments over a 2-week period. As expected, within a few hours of experiencing more positive affect, participants engaged in greater positive reappraisal, problem-focused coping and appreciation. In turn, greater use of each of these three strategies was followed by more intense experiences of positive affect. We observed analogous reciprocal influences between rumination and the experience of negative affect, within the same time interval. Changes in affective experience over several hours were also directly influenced by concurrent use of these strategies. More specifically, greater positive reappraisal, problem-focused coping and appreciation accelerated the rise in positive affect that follows low feelings of positive affect, and slowed the decline in positive affect that follows high feelings. Rumination had an analogous influence on change in negative affect. The clinical implications of these findings are discussed.

Keywords

Affective fluctuation Positive affect Negative affect Affect regulation Affect regulation strategies 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean-Baptiste Pavani
    • 1
  • Sarah Le Vigouroux
    • 1
  • Jean-Luc Kop
    • 2
  • Anne Congard
    • 1
  • Bruno Dauvier
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre PsyCLE (EA 3273)Aix-Marseille UniversitéAix-en-ProvenceFrance
  2. 2.Laboratoire InterPsyUniversité de LorraineNancyFrance

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