Journal of Happiness Studies

, Volume 17, Issue 5, pp 1891–1903 | Cite as

Failure-Related Action Orientation and Life Satisfaction: The Mediating Role of Forgivingness

  • Rui Shi
  • Shilei Zhang
  • Danmin MiaoEmail author
Research Paper


This study examined the association between failure-related action orientation and life satisfaction, with a primary focus on confirmation of the mediating role of forgivingness in Chinese college students. 277 participants (165 males and 112 females) from Mainland China completed a subscale of the Action Control Scale (ACS-90) called the Failure-related Action Orientation Scale (AOF), the Tendency to Forgive Scale (Brown in Personal Soc Psychol Bull 29(6):759–771, 2003) and the Satisfaction with Life Scale (Diener et al. in J Personal Assess 49(1):71–75, 1985). Results from structural equation modeling showed that forgivingness partially mediated the relationship between failure-related action orientation and life satisfaction. Moreover, AOF, forgivingness and life satisfaction did not differ across gender or age groups. Implications for the model of failure-related action orientation, forgivingness and life satisfaction in college students are discussed.


Mediator Failure-related action orientation Forgivingness Life satisfaction 



The authors express appreciation to the anonymous reviewers who made very helpful comments on an earlier version of this article. This research was supported by the Projects of the Shaanxi Province Social Science (2015N014), Shaanxi Province science and Technology Department’s soft science Grant (2013KRM47), and the Projects of Shaanxi university counselor (2015FKT11).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of HumanitiesNorthwest A&F UniversityYanglingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyFourth Military Medical UniversityXi’anPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.School of PsychologyShaanxi Normal UniversityXi’anPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.Psychological Counseling CentreChang’an UniversityXi’anPeople’s Republic of China

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