Journal of Happiness Studies

, Volume 17, Issue 5, pp 1873–1889 | Cite as

Work-to-Life Spillover Effect of Leader–Member Exchange in Groups: The Moderating Role of Group Power Distance and Employee Political Skill

  • Yidong Tu
  • Xinxin LuEmail author
Research Paper


While prior studies have focused on the effect of leader–member exchange (LMX), representing a dyadic differentiated exchange relationship between a leader and followers, on employees’ job-related outcomes, how LMX at the group level influences one’s life domain has been ignored. The present study shifted attention to the relationship between LMX mean and employee life satisfaction as well as the boundary conditions. Using a sample of 471 employees from 53 groups and hierarchical linear modeling, we examined the cross-level main effect of LMX mean on life satisfaction and the moderation of group power distance and individual political skill. The results revealed that LMX mean had a work-to-life spillover effect on employee life satisfaction. Employee political skill positively moderated the relationship between LMX mean and life satisfaction, whereas group power distance negatively moderated the relation. Theoretical and practical implications were further discussed.


LMX mean Life satisfaction Group power distance Political skill Spillover effect 



This study was supported by 2014–2015 International Scholar Exchange Fellowship Program of Korea Foundation for Advanced Studies and National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 71402127; 71172203).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Economics and ManagementWuhan UniversityWuhan CityPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.School of Labor and Human ResourcesRenmin University of ChinaBeijing CityPeople’s Republic of China

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