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Journal of Happiness Studies

, Volume 17, Issue 1, pp 81–104 | Cite as

Subjective Well-Being in Adolescence: The Role of Self-Control, Social Support, Age, Gender, and Familial Crisis

  • Tammie Ronen
  • Liat Hamama
  • Michael Rosenbaum
  • Ayla Mishely-Yarlap
Research Paper

Abstract

Focusing on adolescents’ subjective well-being, the present study comprised three parts. The first examined the role of two coping mechanisms, self-control and social support, in predicting subjective well-being. The second related to the role of age and gender in predicting adolescents’ subjective well-being. The third raised the question of whether exposure to familial crisis would predict adolescents’ subjective well-being and whether self-control and social support would moderate the link between crisis and adolescents’ subjective well-being. Participants included 380 adolescents ages 13–17 years (M = 15.32, SD = .98; 194 boys, 176 girls, 10 unspecified), from six integrative junior-high and high schools in central Israel. All schools served a heterogeneous Jewish student population. Based on responses to a questionnaire identifying adolescents who reported experiencing a severe life crisis during the last year (e.g., severe illness in family, parent death or separation/divorce), the sample was divided into two groups: exposure to familial crisis (n = 96) and no exposure to familial crisis (n = 284). Outcomes revealed that both self-control and social support predicted adolescents’ subjective well-being. As expected, older adolescents presented lower levels of subjective well-being than younger ones. In contrast to the hypothesis, gender did not predict subjective well-being. Although exposure to crisis did not predict higher negative affect or lower positive affect, an interaction emerged between self-control and crisis in predicting positive affect. Thus, among adolescents who experienced crisis, better self-control skills predicted higher levels of positive affect.

Keywords

Adolescents Satisfaction from life Positive and negative affect Self-control Social support Life crisis 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are thankful to Ms. Yasmin Alklai and Mr. Shmulik Michelson for their statistical advice. We thank Dee B. Ankonina for her editorial assistance.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tammie Ronen
    • 1
  • Liat Hamama
    • 1
  • Michael Rosenbaum
    • 1
  • Ayla Mishely-Yarlap
    • 1
  1. 1.Tel Aviv UniversityTel AvivIsrael

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