Journal of Happiness Studies

, Volume 17, Issue 1, pp 81–104 | Cite as

Subjective Well-Being in Adolescence: The Role of Self-Control, Social Support, Age, Gender, and Familial Crisis

  • Tammie Ronen
  • Liat HamamaEmail author
  • Michael Rosenbaum
  • Ayla Mishely-Yarlap
Research Paper


Focusing on adolescents’ subjective well-being, the present study comprised three parts. The first examined the role of two coping mechanisms, self-control and social support, in predicting subjective well-being. The second related to the role of age and gender in predicting adolescents’ subjective well-being. The third raised the question of whether exposure to familial crisis would predict adolescents’ subjective well-being and whether self-control and social support would moderate the link between crisis and adolescents’ subjective well-being. Participants included 380 adolescents ages 13–17 years (M = 15.32, SD = .98; 194 boys, 176 girls, 10 unspecified), from six integrative junior-high and high schools in central Israel. All schools served a heterogeneous Jewish student population. Based on responses to a questionnaire identifying adolescents who reported experiencing a severe life crisis during the last year (e.g., severe illness in family, parent death or separation/divorce), the sample was divided into two groups: exposure to familial crisis (n = 96) and no exposure to familial crisis (n = 284). Outcomes revealed that both self-control and social support predicted adolescents’ subjective well-being. As expected, older adolescents presented lower levels of subjective well-being than younger ones. In contrast to the hypothesis, gender did not predict subjective well-being. Although exposure to crisis did not predict higher negative affect or lower positive affect, an interaction emerged between self-control and crisis in predicting positive affect. Thus, among adolescents who experienced crisis, better self-control skills predicted higher levels of positive affect.


Adolescents Satisfaction from life Positive and negative affect Self-control Social support Life crisis 



We are thankful to Ms. Yasmin Alklai and Mr. Shmulik Michelson for their statistical advice. We thank Dee B. Ankonina for her editorial assistance.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tammie Ronen
    • 1
  • Liat Hamama
    • 1
    Email author
  • Michael Rosenbaum
    • 1
  • Ayla Mishely-Yarlap
    • 1
  1. 1.Tel Aviv UniversityTel AvivIsrael

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