Self-Construal and Psychological Wellbeing in Scottish and Italian Young Adults
The present study investigated the role of self-construal in explaining psychological wellbeing in two European countries. Eight hundred and fifteen Italian and Scottish students completed measures of life-satisfaction, optimism, subjective happiness and a scale measuring interdependent and/or independent self-construal. We obtained three main findings. First of all, scores on the scales of psychological wellbeing were positively associated with scores on the independent scale and independence was found to be the factor that best explained variance in psychological wellbeing. Second, and contrary to our prediction, the Italian group had significantly higher scores for the independence scale than Scots. Third, gender was found to have a significant effect with regard to interdependence of self, life satisfaction, and optimism.
KeywordsPsychological wellbeing Happiness Self-construal Culture
This research was supported by a grant from F.A.R.—2007 (University of Milano-Bicocca) to Prof. Ilaria Grazzani. We wish to thank Dr. Clare O’Sullivan for the English revision of the paper, and Dr. Alessandro Pepe for his assistance with the statistical analysis.
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