The Role of Hope, Spirituality and Religious Practice in Adolescents’ Life Satisfaction: Longitudinal Findings
- 1.6k Downloads
This longitudinal study presents the first examination of the relation between hope, spirituality, religious practice and life satisfaction of students in Portugal. A sample of 227 adolescents aged 15–19 completed the Portuguese versions of the Children Hope Scale, Students’ Life Satisfaction Scale and a single item for each spirituality and religious practice variable. The results from the cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses suggest that hope and spirituality, but not religious practice, were strongly linked to adolescents’ life satisfaction. Hope significantly predicted life satisfaction at a single time point, 6-months and 1-year later, and spirituality scores added significant variance beyond hope scores. All the variables demonstrate moderate to high stability across 6-months and 1-year time frame; no significant changes were found between the variables across the administrations. These results parallel recent studies of adult and child life satisfaction and suggest strategies to promote life satisfaction in adolescents.
KeywordsHope Life satisfaction Portuguese adolescents Religious practice Spirituality
This research was funded via a Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) grant obtained by the first author.
- Ciarrocchi, J. W., & Deneke, E. (2006). Hope, optimism, pessimism, and spirituality as predictors of well-being controlling for personality. Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion, 16, 161–183.Google Scholar
- Harter, S. (1990). Causes, correlates, and the functional role of global self-worth: A life span perspective. In R. J. Sternberg & J. J. Kooligan Jr (Eds.), Competence considered (pp. 67–97). New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
- Kohlberg, L., Levine, C., & Hewer, A. (1983). Moral stages: A current formulation and a response to critics. Contributions to Human Development, 10, 174.Google Scholar
- Marques, S. C., & Lopez, S. J. (2010). Hope, spirituality, religious practice and life satisfaction in adolescence. Paper presented at the International School Psychology Association Conference, Dublin.Google Scholar
- Marques, S. C., Pais-Ribeiro, J. L, & Lopez, S. J. (2011b). The role of positive psychology constructs in predicting mental health and academic achievement in children and adolescents: A two-year longitudinal study. Journal of Happiness Studies. doi: 10.1007/s10902-010-9244-4.
- Menéndez, M. A. (2007). Religiousness and values in Portugal: Comparison with Spain and catholic Europe. Análise Social, 184, 757–787. (in Portuguese).Google Scholar
- Piaget, J. (1952). The origins of intelligence in children. New York: International University Press. (Original work published 1936).Google Scholar
- Special Eurobarometer (2005). European Commission Eurobarometer: Social values, Science and Technology. Retrieved September 15, 2011 from http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/ebs/ebs_225_report_en.pdf.
- Tsang, J., & McCullough, M. E. (2003). Measuring religious constructs: A hierarchical approach to construct organization and scale selection. In S. J. Lopez & C. R. Snyder (Eds.), Positive psychological assessment: A handbook of models and measures (pp. 345–360). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar