Journal of Happiness Studies

, Volume 14, Issue 1, pp 51–66 | Cite as

Differences in How Trait Emotional Intelligence Predicts Life Satisfaction: The Role of Affect Balance Versus Social Support in India and Germany

  • Selda Koydemir
  • Ömer Faruk Şimşek
  • Astrid SchützEmail author
  • Arun Tipandjan
Research Paper


In this study, we assessed cross-cultural differences in the extent to which general emotional intelligence is linked to life satisfaction and analyzed mediators of this relationship. We used data from an individualistic culture (Germany) and a collectivistic culture (India) and had university students respond to self-report measures of life satisfaction, positive and negative affect, emotional intelligence, perceived social support, and independent and interdependent self-construals. In line with our hypotheses, we found that Indian students reported less subjective well-being and emotional intelligence than German students. Emotional intelligence was associated with life satisfaction to a higher degree in Germany than in India. In Germany, independent but not interdependent self-construal was related to emotional intelligence; in India, both independent and interdependent self-construals were significantly associated with emotional intelligence. Results of structural equation modeling provided support for our hypotheses regarding mediational models in that the effect of emotional intelligence on life satisfaction was fully mediated by affect balance in Germany and by perceived social support in India.


Life satisfaction Emotional intelligence Affect balance Subjective well-being Cross-cultural differences 



This research was supported by an Alexander von Humboldt Foundation postdoctoral fellowship awarded to Selda Koydemir.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Selda Koydemir
    • 1
  • Ömer Faruk Şimşek
    • 2
  • Astrid Schütz
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • Arun Tipandjan
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyChemnitz University of TechnologyChemnitzGermany
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyIzmir University of EconomicsIzmirTurkey
  3. 3.University of BambergBambergGermany
  4. 4.International Centre for Psychological Counseling and Social ResearchPuducherryIndia

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