Journal of Happiness Studies

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 469–479 | Cite as

Calling and Life Satisfaction Among Undergraduate Students: Investigating Mediators and Moderators

  • Ryan D. DuffyEmail author
  • Blake A. Allan
  • Elizabeth M. Bott


The present study examined the relation of calling and life satisfaction among a diverse group of undergraduate students. In line with previous research, the presence of a calling weakly correlated with life satisfaction and moderately correlated with meaning in life. Three potential moderators of the calling-life satisfaction relation were tested: religiousness, living one’s calling, and core self-evaluations. The relation of calling and life satisfaction was not different based on levels of religiousness or experiences of living one’s calling. However, the relation of calling to life satisfaction was stronger for students with low core self-evaluations. Additionally, using a multiple mediation model, academic satisfaction and life meaning were found to fully mediate the calling-life satisfaction relation. Participants more likely to view their career as a calling were more satisfied in life because of attaining greater life meaning and satisfaction within the academic domain. Implications for future research and practice are discussed.


Calling Life satisfaction Life meaning Well-being 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ryan D. Duffy
    • 1
    Email author
  • Blake A. Allan
    • 1
  • Elizabeth M. Bott
    • 1
  1. 1.University of FloridaGainesvilleUSA

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