Calling and Life Satisfaction Among Undergraduate Students: Investigating Mediators and Moderators
- 2k Downloads
The present study examined the relation of calling and life satisfaction among a diverse group of undergraduate students. In line with previous research, the presence of a calling weakly correlated with life satisfaction and moderately correlated with meaning in life. Three potential moderators of the calling-life satisfaction relation were tested: religiousness, living one’s calling, and core self-evaluations. The relation of calling and life satisfaction was not different based on levels of religiousness or experiences of living one’s calling. However, the relation of calling to life satisfaction was stronger for students with low core self-evaluations. Additionally, using a multiple mediation model, academic satisfaction and life meaning were found to fully mediate the calling-life satisfaction relation. Participants more likely to view their career as a calling were more satisfied in life because of attaining greater life meaning and satisfaction within the academic domain. Implications for future research and practice are discussed.
KeywordsCalling Life satisfaction Life meaning Well-being
- Dik, B. J., Eldridge, B. M., & Steger, M. F. (2008a). Development of the calling and vocation questionnaire (CVQ). Paper presented at the meetings of the American Psychological Association, Boston.Google Scholar
- Duffy, R. D., Allan, B. A., & Dik, B. J. (in press). The presence of a calling and academic satisfaction: Exploring potential mediators. Journal of Vocational Behavior. doi: 10.1016/j.jvb.2010.11.001.
- Duffy, R. D., Manuel, R. S., Borges, N. J., & Bott, E. (in press). Calling, vocational development, and well-being: A longitudinal study of medical students. Journal of Vocational Behavior. doi: 10.1016/j.jvb.2011.03.023.
- Oates, K. M., Hall, M., & Anderson, T. L. (2005). Calling and conflict: A qualitative exploration of interrole conflict and the sanctification of work in Christian mothers. Journal of Psychology and Christianity, 27, 227–237.Google Scholar
- Salsman, J. M., Brown, T. L., Brechting, E. H., & Carlson, C. R. (2005). The link between religion and spirituality and psychological adjustment: The mediating role of optimism and social support. Personality Social Psychology Bulletin, 31, 522–535.Google Scholar
- Seligman, M. (2002). Authentic happiness: Using the new positive psychology to realize you potential for lasting fulfillment. New York: Simon & Shuster, Inc.Google Scholar
- Worthington, E. L., Jr., Wade, N. G., Hight, T. L., Ripley, J. S., McCullough, M. E., Berry, J. W., Schmitt, M. M., Berry, J. T., Bursley, K. H., & O’Connor, L. (2003). The religious commitment inventory—10: Development, refinement, and validation of a brief scale for research and counseling. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 50, 84–96.Google Scholar