Journal of Happiness Studies

, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 401–419 | Cite as

Personal Values and Well-Being among Europeans, Spanish Natives and Immigrants to Spain: Does the Culture Matter?

  • Magdalena BobowikEmail author
  • Nekane Basabe
  • Darío Páez
  • Amaia Jiménez
  • M. Ángeles Bilbao
Research Paper


The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between personal values and well-being. Two correlational studies are presented with the following random samples: (1) four native samples: two samples from the 2006 European Social Survey (Europe n1 = 28,375, Spain n2 = 1,321) and two Basque samples (n3 = 1,770; n4 = 820); and (2) a sample of immigrants in the Basque Country (quasirandom) (n5 = 1,171). Age range of respondents was 18–60 years. The instruments used were for measuring: (1) personal values (Schwartz’s PVQ-40 or PVQ-21), and (2) well-being (Bradburn’s PNA, Goldberg’s GHQ, and life satisfaction and perceived control items from the World Value Survey). Partial correlation analysis was applied, with PVQ scale response bias controlled. The data supported a positive association of hedonic and psychological well-being with openness to experience and individualist values, and a negative association with power and conservation or collectivist values. Satisfaction with life partially mediated the relationship between personal values and affect. The results support a universal association of healthy values with well-being.


Personal values Well-being Immigrants 



This research was supported by the following University Research Grants: MCI PSI2008-02689/PSIC and 9/UPV00109.231-13645/2001/2007.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Magdalena Bobowik
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nekane Basabe
    • 1
  • Darío Páez
    • 1
  • Amaia Jiménez
    • 1
  • M. Ángeles Bilbao
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Social Psychology and Methodology of Behaviour SciencesUniversity of the Basque CountrySan SebastiánSpain
  2. 2.The Pontifical Catholic University of ValparaísoValparaísoChile
  3. 3.Viña del MarChile

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