Journal of Happiness Studies

, 10:739 | Cite as

Job Insecurity and Well-Being: Moderation by Employability

  • Inmaculada SillaEmail author
  • Nele De Cuyper
  • Francisco J. Gracia
  • José M. Peiró
  • Hans De Witte
Research Paper


The present study investigates the relationship between job insecurity and well-being (psychological distress and life satisfaction), and the potential role of employability in this relationship. With regard to job insecurity, we hypothesize that job insecurity may be related to poor well-being. Regarding employability, two avenues are taken. First, we argue that employability may be beneficial in much the same way that job security is. Second, we suggest that employability may mitigate likely unfavourable consequences of job insecurity for employees’ well-being. Hypotheses are tested with a sample of 639 Belgian employees from six organizations. The results suggest that job insecurity is related to poor well-being, while no such association is found for employability. Furthermore, employability moderates the relationship between job insecurity and life satisfaction, as expected. Specifically, the model accounts for 8% of the explained variance. However, this pattern of results is not replicated for psychological distress.


Job insecurity Perceived employability Well-being 



Inmaculada Silla-Guerola, Francisco J. Gracia and José M. Peiró acknowledge the support of the following *CONSOLIDER EJEC* (SEJ 2006-14086/PSIC). Nele De Cuyper’s contribution was supported by a grant from the FWO (Fonds Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek—Vlaanderen; post-doctoral fellowship).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Inmaculada Silla
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nele De Cuyper
    • 2
  • Francisco J. Gracia
    • 3
  • José M. Peiró
    • 3
    • 4
  • Hans De Witte
    • 2
  1. 1.CIEMAT-UVEG Research GroupSociotechnical Research Center (CIEMAT)BarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Research Centre for Stress Health and WellbeingK.U.LeuvenLeuvenBelgium
  3. 3.Department of Social PsychologyUniversity of ValenciaValenciaSpain
  4. 4.IVIEValenciaSpain

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