The Interaction of Job Satisfaction, Job Search, and Job Changes. An Empirical Investigation with German Panel Data
Using the rich data set of the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP) this article analyzes the effects of job characteristics on job satisfaction as well as the conditions under which low job satisfaction leads to job search, and under which job search leads to job changes. Individual fixed effects are included into the analysis in order to hold unobserved heterogeneity constant. According to the empirical results, the strongest determinants of job satisfaction are relations with colleagues and supervisors, task diversity and job security. Furthermore, job satisfaction is an important determinant of the self-reported probability of job search, which in turn effectively predicts actual job changes. The effect of job search on the probability of changing jobs varies with job satisfaction and is strongest at low levels of job satisfaction. The effects of job dissatisfaction on job search and of job search on quits are stronger for workers with lower tenure, better educated workers, workers in the private sector and when the economy and labor market are in a good condition.
KeywordsJob satisfaction Job mobility Job changes Job search Fixed effects
I would like to thank Olaf Hübler, Uwe Jirjahn, the participants of the labor economics seminar of the Economics Department at Leibniz Universität Hannover, and three anonymous reviewers for helpful comments. Financial support by the DFG (project no. HU 368/4) is gratefully acknowledged.
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