Journal of Happiness Studies

, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 261–300 | Cite as

Integrating The Diverse Definitions of Happiness: A Time-Sequential Framework of Subjective Well-Being

  • Chu Kim-Prieto
  • Ed Diener
  • Maya Tamir
  • Christie Scollon
  • Marissa Diener


The field of subjective well-being (SWB) is primarily concerned with people's evaluation of their lives; however, it includes a wide range of concepts, from momentary moods to global life satisfaction judgments. We propose a framework that integrates these diverse constructs. Our sequential temporal framework of subjective well-being describes experiences of well-being from the events and circumstances that cause evaluative reactions, through the emotional reactions to these events, to recall of these reactions, and finally to global judgments of well-being based on the previous stages. The hypothesized processes that translate the various steps in the sequence into one another are described, and supporting evidence is reviewed. We outline the implications of our framework for understanding subjective well-being, and discuss the research that is needed to further explore the proposed framework.

Key words

emotion subjective well-being mood happiness 


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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chu Kim-Prieto
    • 1
  • Ed Diener
    • 2
  • Maya Tamir
    • 3
  • Christie Scollon
    • 4
  • Marissa Diener
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyThe College of New JerseyEwingUSA
  2. 2.University of Illinois and Gallop OrganizationUSA
  3. 3.Stanford UniversityUSA
  4. 4.Texas Christian UniversityUSA
  5. 5.University of UtahUSA

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