Journal of Happiness Studies

, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp 323–341

Character Strengths and Happiness among Young Children: Content Analysis of Parental Descriptions



Parents’ written descriptions (average length = 211 words) of children between the ages of 3 and 9 years were collected on a password-protected website (n = 680). The presence of the 24 character strengths in the VIA Classification and the level of child’s happiness were coded with content analysis. Descriptions were rich in character language (average strengths mentioned per description = 3.09), and coding was reliable. Consistent with previous research with youth and adults, the character strengths of love, zest, and hope were associated with happiness; gratitude was associated with happiness among older children. The early development of character strengths and possible ways of fostering them are discussed.


character strengths children content analysis happiness 


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Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Rhode IslandKingstonUSA

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