Community engagement in regeneration: are we getting the point?
- 796 Downloads
This paper starts by identifying the intended benefits of community engagement in regeneration according to policy theory. It then adds to the evidence base by assessing to what extent these aims are being achieved through community engagement in the latest cycle of area regeneration in the city of Glasgow. It is based on a qualitative study of residents’ experiences and perceptions of the regeneration planning process in three neighbourhoods undergoing major regeneration. Up to the period beyond regeneration planning, and into the early stages of implementation, community engagement had made contributions to some of the identified aims. However, there were weaknesses in relation to community empowerment beyond regeneration, community cohesion and effective implementation in particular. A series of recommendations are made; of particular importance is the necessity to maintain community engagement throughout the regeneration process, between planning and implementation, in order to ensure that any benefits are sustained.
KeywordsCommunity cohesion Community engagement Empowerment Governance Regeneration Sustainable communities Urban policy
The authors thank all those who participated in this study.
- Blake, G., et al. (2008). Community engagement and community cohesion. New York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.Google Scholar
- Burns, D., & Taylor, M. (2000). Auditing community participation: An assessment handbook. Bristol/New York: The Policy Press/JRF.Google Scholar
- Burton, P. (2003). Community involvement in neighbourhood regeneration: Stairway to heaven or road to nowhere? CNR Paper 13. Glasgow and Bristol: Centre for Neighbourhood Research.Google Scholar
- Burton, P., Goodlad, R., Abbott, J., Croft, J., Hastings, A., Macdonald, G., & Slater, T. (2004). What works in community involvement in area-based initiatives? A systematic review of the literature. London: The Home Office. Available at: http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs04/rdsolr5304.pdf.
- Communities Scotland. (2007). National standards for community engagement: Users’ guide. Edinburgh: Communities Scotland. Available at: http://www.scdc.org.uk/uploads/standards_booklet.pdf.
- DETR (Department of the Environment, Transport, the Regions). (2001). Local strategic partnerships. Government guidance summary. London: The Stationery Office.Google Scholar
- Egan, J. (2004). The Egan review: Skills for sustainable communities. London: Communities and Local Government.Google Scholar
- Glasgow Housing Association Ltd. (2005/2007). Tenant participation strategy. Retrieved at http://www.gha.org.uk/content/mediaassets/doc/GHA_TPS2005.pdf.
- Glasgow Housing Association Ltd. (2006). Sustainability strategy (p. 16). Glasgow: GHA.Google Scholar
- Kearns, A., & Turok, I. (2004). Sustainable communities: Dimensions and challenges. ESRC/Office of the Deputy Prime Minister Postgraduate Research Programme Working Paper 1, Office of the Deputy Prime Minister, London.Google Scholar
- Lister, S., Perry, J., & Thornley, M. (2007). Community engagement in housing-led regeneration: A good practice guide. Coventry: Chartered Institute of Housing.Google Scholar
- National Audit Office. (2004). Getting citizens involved: Community participation in neighbourhood renewal. London: The Stationery Office.Google Scholar
- Rogers, B., & Robinson, E. (2004). The benefits of community engagement: A review of the evidence. London: Home Office Active Citizenship Centre.Google Scholar
- Scottish Executive. (2006). People and place: Regeneration policy statement. Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2006/02/24092959/0.
- Social Exclusion Unit. (1998). Bringing Britain together: A national strategy for neighbourhood renewal. London: Cm4045 Stationery Office.Google Scholar
- Tam, H. (2004). Foreword. In B. Rogers & E. Robinson (Eds.), The benefits of community engagement: A review of the evidence (Vol. 1). London: Home Office Active Citizenship Centre.Google Scholar
- Taylor, M. (2003). Public policy in the community. The challenge for communities (Chap. 11). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
- Taylor, M., Wilson, M., Purdue, D., & Wilde, P. (2007). Changing neighbourhoods: Lessons from the JRF neighbourhood programme. Bristol: Policy Press.Google Scholar
- White, S., & Pettit, J. (2004). Participatory approaches and the measurement of human well-being. UN University/World Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER) 2004/57, New York.Google Scholar