Advertisement

Perception of Choking Injury Risk Among Healthcare Students

  • Carolina Fano
  • Giulia Lorenzoni
  • Danila Azzolina
  • Anna Giuliani
  • Megan French
  • Sara Campagna
  • Paola Berchialla
  • Dario GregoriEmail author
Original Paper
  • 16 Downloads

Abstract

Choking injuries in children represent a severe public health burden. Although most choking injuries are due to food, parents have often been found to be unaware of the choking hazards presented by food. In this context, healthcare professionals may play an important role in choking prevention by educating families. We investigate the perception of choking injury risk among healthcare profession students by comparing their awareness and knowledge of choking hazards with those of people without a specific health education. A survey was conducted among a sample of final year healthcare profession students from two universities in northern Italy and a sample of adults from the general population without any health education. Respondents were asked to look at ten pictures and identify the items that pose the greatest choking hazard to children of different age groups. Seventy-one students and 742 adults without any health education responded to the survey. A higher percentage of the adults without a health education identified a food item as posing the greatest choking hazard in comparison to the percentage of healthcare profession students. The results of this study suggest that there is a need to include specific educational modules on choking prevention in healthcare-related degree programs.

Keywords

Foreign body injuries Food Risk perception Choking hazard Healthcare profession students 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10900_2019_662_MOESM1_ESM.docx (16 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 16 kb)

References

  1. 1.
    Snidero, S., Soriani, N., Baldi, I., Zobec, F., Berchialla, P., & Gregori, D. (2012). Scale-up approach in CATI surveys for estimating the number of foreign body injuries in the aero-digestive tract in children. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 9(11), 4056–4067.  https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph9114056.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rodríguez, H., Passali, G. C., Gregori, D., Chinski, A., Tiscornia, C., Botto, H., et al. (2012). Management of foreign bodies in the airway and oesophagus. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 76, S84–S91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bader, I., & Amjad, C. (2003). Tracheobronchial foreign bodies: A review and analysis during past one year at Children’s Hospital, PIMS, Islamabad. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 19, 57–60.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    National Safety Council. (2015). Injury Facts 2015. Retrieved from http://www.nsc.org/learn/safety-knowledge/Pages/injury-facts.aspx. Accessed 11 Jan 2018
  5. 5.
    Foltran, F., Ballali, S., Passali, F. M., Kern, E., Morra, B., & Passali, G. C. (2012). Foreign bodies in the airways: A meta-analysis of published papers. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 76(Suppl 1), S12–S19.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2012.02.004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sih, T., Bunnag, C., Ballali, S., Lauriello, M., & Bellussi, L. (2012). Nuts and seed: A natural yet dangerous foreign body. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 76(Supplement 1), S49–S52.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2012.02.012.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Tander, B., Kirdar, B., Aritürk, E., Rizalar, R., & Bernay, F. (2004). Why nut? Pediatric Surgery International, 20(7), 502–504.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00383-004-1224-5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    American Academy of Pediatrics. (2010). Policy statement—Prevention of choking among children. Pediatrics, 125, 601–607.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Cyr, C. (2012). Preventing choking and suffocation in children. Paediatrics & Child Health, 17(2), 91–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gregori, D. (2006). The Susy Safe Project. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 70(9), 1663–1664.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2006.05.013.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Higuchi, O., Adachi, Y., Adachi, Y. S., Taneichi, H., Ichimaru, T., & Kawasaki, K. (2013). Mothers’ knowledge about foreign body aspiration in young children. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 77(1), 41–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Nichols, B. G., Visotcky, A., Aberger, M., Braun, N. M., Shah, R., Tarima, S., et al. (2012). Pediatric exposure to choking hazards is associated with parental knowledge of choking hazards. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 76(2), 169–173.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2011.10.018.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kendrick, D., Marsh, P., & Williams, E. I. (1995). How do practice nurses see their role in childhood injury prevention? Injury Prevention, 1(3), 159–163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Dal Santo, J. A., Goodman, R. M., Glik, D., & Jackson, K. (2004). Childhood unintentional injuries: Factors predicting injury risk among preschoolers. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 29(4), 273–283.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Harris, P. A., Taylor, R., Thielke, R., Payne, J., Gonzalez, N., & Conde, J. G. (2009). Research Electronic Data Capture (REDCap)—A metadata-driven methodology and workflow process for providing translational research informatics support. Journal of Biomedical Informatics, 42(2), 377–381.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbi.2008.08.010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Bilder, C. R., Loughin, T. M., & Nettleton, D. (2000). Multiple marginal independence testing for pick any/c variables. Communications in Statistics-Simulation and Computation, 29(4), 1285–1316.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    R Development Core Team. (2015). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. Vienna, Austria: R Foundation for Statistical Computing. Retrieved from http://www.R-project.org.
  18. 18.
    Harrell, F. E. J. (2014). rms: Regression Modeling Strategies. R package version 4.1-3. Retrieved from http://CRAN.R-project.org/package=rms.
  19. 19.
    Koziol, N. A., & Bilder, C. R. (2014). MRCV: A package for analyzing categorical variables with multiple response options. A Peer-Reviewed, Open-Access Publication of the R Foundation for Statistical Computing, 6, 144.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Tomlinson, R., & Sainsbury, C. (2004). Childhood injury prevention advice: A survey of health professionals responses to common scenarios. Child Care, Health and Development, 30(4), 301–305.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2214.2004.00436.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Gregori, D., Salerni, L., Scarinzi, C., Morra, B., Berchialla, P., & Snidero, S. (2008). Foreign bodies in the upper airways causing complications and requiring hospitalization in children aged 0–14 years: Results from the ESFBI study. European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, 265(8), 971–978.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00405-007-0566-8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    The Susy Safe Working Group. (2012). The Susy Safe project overview after the first four years of activity. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 76, S3–S11.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2012.02.003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Ryan, C., Yacoub, W., Paton, T., & Avard, D. (1990). Childhood deaths from toy balloons. American Journal of Diseases of Children, 144(11), 1221–1224.  https://doi.org/10.1001/archpedi.1990.02150350053023.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Slapak, I., Passali, F. M., & Gulati, A. (2012). Non food foreign body injuries. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 76(Suppl 1), S26–S32.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2012.02.006.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Bass, J. L., Christoffel, K. K., Widome, M., Boyle, W., Scheidt, P., Stanwick, R., et al. (1993). Childhood injury prevention counseling in primary care settings: A critical review of the literature. Pediatrics, 92(4), 544–550.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Kendrick, D. (1994). Role of the primary health care team in preventing accidents to children. British Journal of General Practice, 44(385), 372–375.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Pressley, J. C., & Barlow, B. (2004). Preventing injury and injury-related disability in children and adolescents. In Seminars in pediatric surgery (Vol. 13, pp. 133–140). Elsevier.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Sadan, N., Raz, A., & Wolach, B. (1995). Impact of community educational programmes on foreign body aspiration in Israel. European Journal of Pediatrics, 154(10), 859–862.  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01959798.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Kennedy, N., Healy, J., & O’Sullivan, K. (2014). The beliefs of third-level healthcare students towards low-back pain. Pain Research and Treatment.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/675915.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Talbot, A.-L., Dorrian, J., & Chapman, J. (2015). Using the theory of planned behaviour to examine enrolled nursing students’ intention to care for patients with alcohol dependence: A survey study. Nurse Education Today, 35(11), 1054–1061.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Kingston, L. M., O’Connell, N. H., & Dunne, C. P. (2017). Survey of attitudes and practices of Irish nursing students towards hand hygiene, including handrubbing with alcohol-based hand rub. Nurse Education Today, 52, 57–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Van De Looij-Jansen, P. M., & De Wilde, E. J. (2008). Comparison of web-based versus paper-and-pencil self-administered questionnaire: Effects on health indicators in Dutch adolescents. Health Services Research, 43(5 Pt 1), 1708–1721.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-6773.2008.00860.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Unit of Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Public Health, Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, Vascular Sciences and Public HealthUniversity of PadovaPadovaItaly
  2. 2.Prochild OnlusTriesteItaly
  3. 3.Department of Clinical and Biological SciencesUniversity of TorinoTorinoItaly

Personalised recommendations