Prevalence and Correlates of Cultural Smokeless Tobacco Products among South Asian Americans in New York City
Despite the high prevalence of smokeless tobacco (SLT) use in South Asia, little is known about the use of cultural smokeless tobacco among South Asians in the United States (US). This study examines the prevalence and correlates of SLT products among South Asians living in New York City (NYC). A total of 602 South Asians living in NYC completed a community health needs and resource assessment and answered questions about the use of SLT. Multivariable logistic regression models were run to examine predictors of SLT use (ever and current use). A total of 28.2% South Asian individuals reported ever use of SLT (35.9% among men and 21.5% among women) and a total of 12.9% reported current use of SLT (16.5% among men and 9.7% among women). Logistic regression models were stratified by sex. Among men, factors associated with ever or current use included: Bangladeshi and Himalayan ethnic subgroup, speaking English very well, attending a religious service a few times a year (ever use only), and current or former cigarette smoking. Among women, factors associated with ever use included: Bangladeshi ethnic subgroup, self-reporting condition of mouth and teeth as fair/poor, and at risk for depression. No factors were significant among women for current use. Overall, prevalence of current and ever use of SLT is high, and important differences exist by sex. Future studies are needed to better understand SLT use patterns in South Asian communities in the US and to inform culturally relevant interventions aiming to decrease overall tobacco use.
KeywordsAsian Americans Smokeless tobacco Community health Community-based participatory research
This publication was made possible by Grants K23DA043651 and K24DA038345 (NIH National Institute on Drug Abuse), 1U48DP001904-01 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), grant U54MD000538 (NIH National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities), and Grant UL1TR001445 (National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences).
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
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