Journal of Community Health

, Volume 44, Issue 1, pp 81–87 | Cite as

A Comparison of Infant Sleep Safety Guidelines in Nine Industrialized Countries

  • Jennifer J. DoeringEmail author
  • Trina C. Salm Ward
  • Samantha Strook
  • Julie Kieffer Campbell
Original Paper


Many countries have guidelines that recommend safety practices for infant sleep. However, it is not known whether guidelines between countries are similar or different. The purpose of this paper is to compare national public health infant sleep safety guidelines among highly developed countries. Criteria for inclusion were: countries defined by United Nations as “very high human development,” guideline related to infant sleep position and safety practices, evidence of it being a national guideline, and published in English. Guidelines from nine countries met inclusion criteria, and data were extracted across 13 categories. All guidelines recommended the supine sleep position and avoidance of smoke exposure. While most guidelines addressed the remaining 11 categories, specific recommendations varied among guidelines. These findings can inform the broad context of SIDS reduction work, offer opportunities for collaboration among countries, and promote multi-country and global conversations about how research evidence is translated into recommendations for practice.


Infant Sleep Safety Sudden Infant Death Syndrome 



This work was not supported with funding.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jennifer J. Doering
    • 1
    Email author
  • Trina C. Salm Ward
    • 2
  • Samantha Strook
    • 1
  • Julie Kieffer Campbell
    • 1
  1. 1.College of NursingUniversity of Wisconsin-MilwaukeeMilwaukeeUSA
  2. 2.Helen Bader School of Social WelfareUniversity of Wisconsin-MilwaukeeMilwaukeeUSA

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