The Provision of Potable Water in Eradication of Guinea Worm Infection in Ezza North, Southeastern, Nigeria
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Guinea worm is a parasite found in unprotected drinking water sources, causes considerable morbidity and loss of agricultural production among rural people. The study was to determine the current status of Guinea worm infection in Ezza North and to evaluate the impact of control measures on guinea worm infection. A total of 200 individuals in Ezza North Southeastern, Nigeria were examined for guinea worm infection. A standardized questionnaire was used to determine the effect of potable water on guinea worm eradication/control, the source of drinking water, information on the knowledge, attitude, symptom management practices, availability of health facilities and boreholes installation status. The instrument for data collection was well constructed, validated and reliable tested questionnaire by an expert. Data obtained was analyzed using Epi-Info model 3.4 versions. Results of a study indicated majority of the respondents 195 (97.5 %) have access to safe drinking water supply which indicated no case of Guinea worm infection. The active use of potable water supply was found among the age group of 20–30 years 71 (35.5 %) and higher in male (57.5 %) than females (42.5 %). The drastic reduction of Guinea worm infection to zero (0) level in Ezza North were due to multiple factors as health education, availability of functional boreholes, presence of health centers for immediate treatment if any case discovered.
KeywordsDracunculiasis Potable Locked knees Immunoglobulin
We wish to acknowledge the Head of Public Health Department, Federal University of Technology, Owerri and Manager of Nigeria Guinea worm Eradication programme (NIGEP), Ebonyi State Ministry of Health for the immense support and provision of research materials for this study.
Conflict of interest
All authors of this article report no conflicts of interest throughout the work.
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