Journal of Community Health

, Volume 39, Issue 4, pp 800–809 | Cite as

Traditional and Innovative Promotional Strategies of Tobacco Cessation Services: A Review of the Literature

  • Behnoosh MominEmail author
  • Antonio Neri
  • Kristen McCausland
  • Jennifer Duke
  • Heather Hansen
  • Jennifer Kahende
  • Lei Zhang
  • Sherri L. Stewart


An estimated 43.5 million American adults currently smoke cigarettes. Well-designed tobacco education campaigns with adequate reach increase cessation and reduce tobacco use. Smokers report great interest in quitting but few use effective treatments including quitlines (QLs). This review examined traditional (TV, radio, print ads) versus innovative tobacco cessation (internet, social media) promotions for QL services. Between November 2011 and January 2012, searches were conducted on EBSCO, PubMed, Wilson, OCLC, CQ Press, Google Scholar, Gale, LexisNexis, and JSTOR. Existing literature shows that the amount of radio and print advertising, and promotion of free cessation medications increases QL call volume. Television advertising volume seems to be the best predictor of QL service awareness. Much of the literature on Internet advertising compares the characteristics of participants recruited for studies through various channels. The majority of the papers indicated that Internet-recruited participants were younger; this was the only demographic characteristic with high agreement across studies. Traditional media was only studied within mass media campaigns with TV ads having a consistent impact on increasing calls to QLs, therefore, it is hard to distinguish the impact of traditional media as an independent QL promotion intervention. With innovative media, while many QL services have a presence on social media sites, there is no literature on evaluating the effectiveness of these channels for quitline promotion.


Tobacco Smoking cessation Tobacco use cessation 



This study was funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) through the Office of the Secretary Award #200-2008-27958 Task Order 0014.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York (outside the USA) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Behnoosh Momin
    • 1
    Email author
  • Antonio Neri
    • 1
  • Kristen McCausland
    • 2
  • Jennifer Duke
    • 2
  • Heather Hansen
    • 2
  • Jennifer Kahende
    • 3
  • Lei Zhang
    • 3
  • Sherri L. Stewart
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Cancer Prevention and ControlCenters for Disease Control and PreventionAtlantaUSA
  2. 2.RTI InternationalResearch Triangle ParkUSA
  3. 3.Office on Smoking and HealthCenters for Disease Control and PreventionAtlantaUSA

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