Journal of Community Health

, Volume 38, Issue 6, pp 1098–1105 | Cite as

Osteoporosis: A Study of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Adults in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

  • Afraa Talal Barzanji
  • Fahad Abdulrahman Alamri
  • Ashry Gad MohamedEmail author
Original Paper


Osteoporosis is a growing chronic health problem that could result in mortalities and poor living quality. This study aimed at assessing the awareness of adults in Riyadh about this disease and its associated factors as well as compare KAP levels of men and women. A cross sectional study including 505 participants was conducted in several malls of Riyadh city during March 2012, selected by stratified random sampling technique. Self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection. 86 % of the participants had heard of osteoporosis. Media was the main source for Participants’ knowledge; the mean knowledge score was 56.6 % of the maximum achievable score. There was significant differences in knowledge scores by educational level, employment, income and residence (P = 0.005), (P = 0.008) (P = 0.0122) and (P = 0.009), respectively. Participants had low frequencies of preventive practices, especially females who had a mean total score equivalent to 48.8 % of the maximum score, while males’ mean score was 54.7 % (P = 0.000). Perceived susceptibility was higher among females (83 vs. 74 %, P = 0.000), and thus had less perception of the barriers to preventive actions, than men (49.6 vs. 55.5 %, P = 0.000). Self-efficacy and perceived benefits had the highest scores (95 % of the maximum achievable scores). Considerable number of adult males and females are unaware about osteoporosis. Since there is deficiency in the knowledge, and poor application of the preventive actions. Therefore, Education programs are needed to improve awareness and motivating healthy behaviours.


Osteoporosis Knowledge Attitude Practice Adults 



Thanks to the General Directorate of Non-communicable diseases-MOH for financial support. The work was also supported by College of Medicine Research Center, Deanship of Scientific Research, King Saud University, Riyadh, and Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Dr. Abdulaziz bin Saed and Prof. Ahmed Mandil from King Saud University for their assistance. In addition to, Dr. Moussa Al-Haosawi, An Orthopaedic consultant, and Dr. Yasser Ghareeb, An orthopaedic specialist from AL-Ansar hospital in Madinah, for their review and advices on the questionnaire.

Conflict of interest

No conflict of interest has been explored for this study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Afraa Talal Barzanji
    • 1
  • Fahad Abdulrahman Alamri
    • 2
  • Ashry Gad Mohamed
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Family and Community Medicine Department, College of MedicineKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.The General Directorate of Non-communicable DiseasesMOHRiyadhSaudi Arabia

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