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Journal of Community Health

, Volume 38, Issue 5, pp 864–872 | Cite as

Do Patients Choose Community Health Services (CHS) for First Treatment in China? Results from a Community Health Survey in Urban Areas

  • Changmin Tang
  • Zhenni Luo
  • Pengqian Fang
  • Fengfan Zhang
Original Paper

Abstract

In recent years, the government has paid more attention to the development of community health service (CHS) in urban areas in China. Therefore, determining if it plays important roles and establishing methods to evaluate the effects of CHS are critical emphases in research. This study measured the effects of CHS through the choices of patients and their evaluation of CHS, and aimed to contribute to the development of primary health services. Face-to-face interviews were performed using the questionnaire with a random sample of 865 patients in CHS institutions from five provinces in China. Pearson’s Chi square tests and binary logistic regression were used to analyze influencing factors that are associated with the patients’ choices and evaluations. A total of 62.2 % of the patients would choose CHS for their first treatment. Patient choice was mainly affected by the following: (1) social demographic factors of the patients, namely, age, educational level, medical insurance, and survey areas; (2) evaluation of CHS by the patients: convenience, reasonable charges, and attitude of the doctors. In addition, the patients showed more satisfaction with convenience, waiting time, and communication with doctors, and less satisfaction with the medical charges, drug costs, and medical equipment of CHS. Through the results, we suggest that the government should provide more regard to the convenience, reasonable charges, and the attitude of the doctors as important factors to attract the patients to CHS. The government should also exert efforts to reduce the medical charges (especially the drug costs) for CHS.

Keywords

Patients’ choice Community health service Health reform China 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by China-Australia Health and AIDS project “Human Resource Development and System Design in Community Health Service Institutions in Urban Areas in China”, a three-year project funded by the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Changmin Tang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zhenni Luo
    • 1
  • Pengqian Fang
    • 1
  • Fengfan Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1. School of Medicine and Health Management, Tongji Medical CollegeHuazhong University of Science and TechnologyWuhanChina
  2. 2.School of ManagementHubei University of Chinese MedicineWuhanChina

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